Year of Graduation
Relationship Between Perceived Threat to the State and Social Identities of Ethnic Majority and Minorities
Applied Social Psychology
The study explores the relationship between civic and ethnic identities and perceived threat to the state among the groups of ethnic majority and minorities of Russia. The main idea is that the stronger the threat is perceived, the higher the identities become. The main instruments for the hypotheses confirmation are confirmatory factor analysis (SEM) and regression analysis. CFA showed us the splitting of “Perceived threat” in three factors: Hostility from other countries, Military threat and Internal Insecurity Threat. Thus, concerning civic identity, the common trend of our assumption is adjusted – the higher external perceived threat (Hostility from other countries), the higher civic identity for both groups. On the subject of ethnic identity, for majorities the same trend as with the civic identity is preserved; the ethnic identity of minorities has no links with perceived threat. The internal threat is negatively related to civic identity, but positively – to the ethnic identity of minorities. Hostility from other countries is more perceived by ethnic majority, while minorities feel more insecure inside of Russia.