Year of Graduation
Ethnic, Civil and Religious Identities as Factors of Attitudes Towards Multiculturalism
Globalization exacerbates the existing problems of multicultural societies (in particular Russia), provoking the emergence of new conflict situations. However, only a small number of studies pay attention to the factors contributing to the adoption of multiculturalism policy by the population. This study examines the ethnic, civil and religious identities of Russians as factors contributing to the formation of a multicultural strategy. A new methodology, the Normative Scale of Multiculturalism (Stuart&Ward, 2018), was tested to measure the level of multicultural ideology. It was assumed that the high civic identity level is associated with the most positive attitude to multiculturalism, while the high ethnic and religious identity lead to more negative attitudes. 256 Moscow citizens participated in the current study. The results of the study confirmed the hypothesis about the high level civic identity and a more positive attitude to multiculturalism, and also revealed significant links between different components of social identity – civil, religious and ethnic. The research results contribute to the development of multiculturalism study and understanding of its factors.