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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Ksenia Vanyushkina
The Role of Spain in the Transformation of the Concept of Flexible Integration in the EU (2009-2019)
International Relations
(Bachelor’s programme)
2018
In connection with the expansion of the number of member countries in the European Union, and the increase in socio-economic disparities between different regions within the framework of associations, in the implementation of the Union's policy requires a certain set of tools that not only should smooth the disparities between different regions, but also ensure the effective participation of each of the regions in the ongoing associations and initiatives. In this case, the experience of Spain seems to be the most interesting, due to the fact that since joining the European Union, the state has been actively involved in the development of regional policy instruments and policies of flexible integration. This is largely due to the fact that the territory of Spain itself is clearly represented by a strong imbalance among the regions, which even causes an increase in separatist sentiments in the most economically prosperous regions. Moreover, over the past 10 years, Spain has had to change its approach to integration and regional policy within the EU due to the expansion of the membership and, as a result of statistical averaging of economic indicators, to lose the status of the main recipient of financial support. In this regard, with the use of official documents, media materials and scientific literature on the topic, it is necessary to analyze the instruments which can smooth out the differences between the regions of the European Union, to see what role Spain and the Spanish regions in particular play in their formation, and also to make assumptions about the prospects for the development of relations between the EU and the separated regions in the event of the victory of the separatists, as in this case, how these instruments will be approached.

Key words: flexible integration, regional policy, separatism, Spain, Catalonia.

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