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European Integration and a Problem of Separatism / Case of Catalonia, the Basque Country and Galicia

Student: Nataliya Ponomareva

Supervisor: Georgy Kutyrev

Faculty: Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs

Educational Programme: Double degree programme in International Relations of the NRU HSE and the University of London (Bachelor)

Final Grade: 8

Year of Graduation: 2020

This paper attempts to explain whether European integration affects an increase or decrease in the separatist and nationalist tendencies of Spanish regions. The reasons for separatism in such Spanish autonomies as the Basque Country, Catalonia and Galicia will be discussed. Presumably, it would be possible to define particular factors that lead to mitigation and alleviation of the desire to secede. What is more, this paper will try to prove that there may not be only one factor at play that influences willingness of independence. European integration alone does not directly lead to higher degrees of regional desire to form a separate nation-state. Let alone different languages or border location cannot lead to support for separatist movements in the regions. European cooperation processes together with historical outcomes, economic development, differences in cultures and languages – might be seen as building blocks and may form a part of the whole picture. Many scholars have been debating the aspects and circumstances that lead to separatist tendencies. And the question still remains unanswered. This paper will try to argue that there could have been a range of factors that resulted in support for separatism. Besides, European integration might have been an important constituent part of it.

Full text (added May 5, 2020)

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