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The Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in the Context of Fight against Global Warming: An International Legal Analysis

Student: Anastasia Savchukova

Supervisor: Vera Rusinova

Faculty: Faculty of Law

Educational Programme: Jurisprudence (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2020

-Theme: «The Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in the Context of Fight against Global Warming: An International Legal Analysis». Key words: Paris Agreement, climate change, global warming, international environmental law, low-carbon economy development, commitments, national regulation, regime theory. Russia has only recently formally joined the Paris Climate Agreement. Consequently, the Paris Agreement generates considerable interest in terms of its ability to form the Parties` legal obligations. Moreover, as ecological agenda is closely related to economics, the Paris Agreement`s influence on the global energy market and Russian national economy needs to be investigated. Up until now no one, to the best of our knowledge, has conducted a comprehensive research on what obligations the Agreement imposes on Russia and in what way it may change or has already changed Russian economy, though, in the light of recent events with Russia officially accepting the Paris Climate Agreement in September 2019 and ecological policy being developed drastically within quite a short period of time, such an up-to-date study would contribute greatly to the understanding of present and anticipated consequences of Russia`s participation in the climate change legal regime established by the Paris Climate Agreement. The scope of the research encompasses the Paris Climate Agreement under the UNFCCC, specifically, the main legal obligations, principles and mechanisms incorporated in the Agreement and its supplementing documents, and the Paris Agreement`s implementation practice by Russia. The thesis is aimed at rendering a thorough understanding of how the Paris Climate Agreement contributes to the contemporary climate change international legal regime and effects Russia`s jurisdiction and economy. The work consists of introduction, main body, conclusion and the list of references. The main body of the research paper is composed of three chapters as follows. The first chapter focuses on the Paris Agreement`s place within the climate change international legal regime. The second one is devoted to the main legal obligations under the Paris Agreement as well as the principles and implementation and control mechanisms embodied in the Agreement. The final chapter includes a review of Russian climate polices and focuses on the perspectives and challenges posed by the Paris Agreement`s implementation by the Russian Federation. Total number of pages in the work – 109. Number of sources used – 113. The research proposes that the Paris Climate Agreement represents a novel form of an environmental legal instrument as it takes a completely different, bottom-up based approach towards the states` obligations under the UNFCCC. It is argued that the initial non-obligatory legal framework under the Agreement is actually further elaborated and altered for the purpose of enhancing the Agreement`s ability to legally bound the Parties, which poses certain risks to their national economies. The primary outcome of the conducted research is a comprehension of the Paris Climate Agreement`s determination of the climate change international legal regime. What makes the research outstanding is its findings on what are the present and anticipated consequences of the Russian Federation`s participation in the Paris Agreement which will be based on evaluation of Russia`s respective implementation practice, analysis of the main Russian policies introduced pursuant to fulfilling Russia`s contribution under the Paris Agreement and consideration of the current Russian businesses` attitude towards the impact of the Agreement on Russian economy, especially the energy sector. Being founded on a thorough investigation of both theory and practice-induced relevant data, the research may serve as a valuable source for further studies of the Paris Climate Agreement and its legal effect on the global economics in general and Russian economy in particular.

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