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Voters Network Structure and Social Choice of Presidential Election 2020 in Taiwan

Student: Chih-jung Liang

Supervisor: Ilya Makarov

Faculty: Faculty of Communications, Media, and Design

Educational Programme: Data Journalism (Master)

Final Grade: 9

Year of Graduation: 2020

Internet is considered an important role in electoral campaign. Social networking sites have been serving as the major providers of political information. This paper provides insights into the network structure of the two candidates in 2020 Taiwanese presidential election to show how political communication flows in Taiwanese social networking discussion forum – PTT GOSSIPING. Our primary goal of social network analysis is to illustrate the information diffusion process. In this paper, we utilized degree centrality, a basic algorithm for undirected graphs, with k-core decomposition, and a few eigenvector-related ranking algorithms, namely, EC itself, PR and HITS to overview the network structure. The uncovering of differences and similarities with regards to the characteristics of network structure can either be operationalized in political campaigns or be the physical references that provide a means for politicians or cyber warriors who may manipulate the public opinion and change individuals’ voting behavior.

Full text (added May 11, 2020)

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