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The Uzbekistan's Approach to the Implementation of Chinese Initiative "One Belt, One Road"

ФИО студента: Azamat Ibragimov

Руководитель: Alexey L. Ryabinin

Кампус/факультет: Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs

Программа: International Relations (Bachelor)

Год защиты: 2020

The promotion of the new globalization under the Chinese umbrella in the form of lucrative initiative "One Belt, One Road" (OBOR) has triggered new challenges to the established international economic and political orders. On the one hand, the implementation of lucriferous Belt Road Initiative (BRI) brings benefits to stakeholders, whilst, on the other hand, it poses a threat to their territorial integrity, which incites vigorous debates in Uzbekistan. This paper aims to identify the approach Uzbekistan has been employing to reap benefits, minimize the costs of OBOR and avoid being engaged in potential superpower rivalries that could emerge between China, Russian Federation and the West. Based on qualitative SWOT-analysis and discourse analysis methods and empirical base acquired from American, Chinese, German, Russian and Uzbek institutions and news websites, the research forms a clear vision on what strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of BRI Uzbekistan might encounter and should take into consideration while setting a strategy of OBOR implementation. Our preliminary results suggest that Uzbekistan ingratiates itself with Russia to mitigate risks of BRI realization not losing sight of carrying out democratic reforms to uphold good relationships with the Western countries. Keywords: Uzbekistan, "One Belt, One Road" initiative, foreign policy, superpower rivalries, new globalization, international order

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