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Exclusion in the Communities of “Visible Minorities” and Individual Coping Strategies (on the Example, Migrants From Uzbekistan in Moscow)

ФИО студента: Manuchekhr Mukhammedov

Руководитель: Maria Andreevna Kozlova

Кампус/факультет: Faculty of Social Sciences

Программа: Sociology of Public and Business Sphere (Master)

Оценка: 7

Год защиты: 2020

The master's thesis is devoted to the study of the difficulties of adaptation and adaptation strategies of migrants from Uzbekistan in Moscow with a focus on relations with the migrant community, which can act as a resource and as a limiter to the individual’s adaptation and integration into the host society. In the course of this work, the main research question is solved: how is exclusion manifested and perceived in the communities of “visible minorities”? (How do migrants from Uzbekistan describe their alienation from their communities and why do these communities react so much to their success in other, new communities?). The theoretical basis of this study is the work of G. Simmel "Excursion about a stranger", as well as the theory of marginality of R. Park. Two key theories are directly applied in the topic to explain the processes of exclusion of a migrant from the community, successful or unsuccessful adaptation and acculturation in the host society. The works reflecting empirical studies of the adaptation and acculturation of migrants, including in modern Russian realities (F. Borodkin, J. De Vos, V. Yarskaya, M. Kozlova and others), allowing to supplement the theoretical framework and find the key to solving the research problem. As part of the dissertation, an empirical study based on 15 in-depth interviews with migrants - representatives of “visible minorities”, that is, with migrants who came from Uzbekistan to Moscow for various purposes aged 20 to 53 years, was carried out. The study revealed the most acute reasons for the exclusion of the individual from the community (for example, envy, conflict of interest, rejection of the community's values by the individual) and explained these reasons by the action of social factors. In the dissertation, we demonstrate ethno-oriented and non-ethnic individual and group adaptation strategies and explicate the meanings invested by community members in the implementation of certain typical and individually unique practices, and success assessment criteria used by community representatives to evaluate members of in- and outgroups. The coverage of these aspects made it possible to identify the range of successful integration strategies available to representatives of “visible minorities” in modern Russian society.

Full text (added May 13, 2020)

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