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The Right to Gun Ownership in the United States: Theoretical and Philosophical Foundations and Contemporary Academic Discussion

Student: Egor Filin

Supervisor: Rodion Belkovich

Faculty: Faculty of Law

Educational Programme: Legal History, Theory and Philosophy of Law (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2020

The purpose of this graduation qualification paper is to show the connection between the theoretical and philosophical ideas of European and American philosophers and legal scholars, which touched upon the issues of the right to own arms with the modern American academic discussion on this issue, for which it addresses the following points: a) the main circle of European and American philosophers who spoke about the problem of possession of weapons and analyze the provisions formulated by them; b) theoretical origins of ideas of European and American philosophers on the issue of gun ownership revealed; c) shows the history of the emergence and development of American weapons legislation; d) considered arguments of supporters and opponents of "gun control"; e)considered the place of theoretical-philosophical ideas of European and American philosophers on the issue of gun ownership in the modern academic discussion. Graduation qualification work consists of an introduction, two chapters of chapters, six paragraphs, and an opinion with a bibliographic list. Chapter I discusses the history of the establishment of the milita institute and the development of American weapons legislation.Chapter II discusses the ideas of American and European philosophers regarding the right to own weapons and the contemporary academic debate in the United States on this issue. Based on the analysis, the following conclusions are formed: first, the ideas of European philosophers of the 16th-18th centuries, have had a significant impact on the understanding of the right to own weapons by American thinkers: a) ideas by European philosophers of the 16th-18th centuries, had a significant impact on American thinkers 'understanding of the right to own weapons; b) modern academic discussion actively uses arguments used as early as the 18th-19th centuries in the United States; c) the issue of gun ownership is part of a much broader dispute between federalists and anti-federalists in the United States, raises issues related to the breadth of federal authority.

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