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Significant Factors Affecting the Dynamics of FDI Inflows into Oil and Gas Companies from Developed and Developing Countries

Student: Nikolay Khinikadze

Supervisor: Nikita Nazarov

Faculty: Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs

Educational Programme: International Business (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2020

Foreign direct investment is a type of investment activity that implies an element of ownership control in a certain entity of one country by a business located in another country. FDI appears to be one of the most effective and, at the same time, complex way of entering a foreign market as it involves large capital influxes along with consistent participation in management and transfer of technology and expertise. On this basis, sustainable development and prosperity of many different industries (including oil and gas one) and companies from both developed and developing countries in a varying degree depend on the consistency and dynamics of FDI inflows. Thus, given the relevance and acuity of this very research issue, in this master thesis we have targeted to identify some of the most significant factors affecting the dynamics of FDI inflows into oil and gas companies from developed and developing countries. So, in order to accomplish this goal, we have referred to using various different types of theoretical, analytical and practical assays, such as: overview and parsing of relevant academic literature, conducting regression, case-study and comparative analyzes, defining the major implications and providing a certain range of general recommendations in regards to the process of attracting FDI. Thereby, we have come to the conclusion that such group of factors as: economic, regulatory and sector-related ones appear to have the biggest influence of the amount and dynamics of FDI influxes into oil and gas companies from developed and developing countries; And in order to solve the problem connected with a formation of a specific logic of the strategic decision-making process for attracting foreign investors and choosing favorable indicators while considering investment activities, management of oil and gas companies should properly adjust the major determinants affecting the dynamics of FDI inflows and follow all the recommendations provided.

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