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Scientific Specialization of the Provinces of China: Development Priorities and Dynamics of Change

Student: Roza Adilkhanova

Supervisor: Inga Ivanova

Faculty: Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs

Educational Programme: Asian Studies (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2020

A decade ago, China (PRC) was widely known more as "the world's factory" rather than a technologically advanced country with a developed scientific base. However, according to Clarivate Analytics China is now in the top 20 of the most innovative countries, also ranking second after the United States in the number of scientific articles published in 2018. Previous studies of China's rapid scientific growth have mainly focused on the technological development of the whole country, leaving the scientific specialization of provinces outside the scope of research. This work aims at determining the scientific specialization of the regions of China, its dynamics of change during the period from 1980 to 2018, as well as its development priorities. To achieve this purpose, we will collect primary and secondary data and employ the combination of quantitative and qualitative methods to analyze the information obtained. The results of this paper can contribute to future studies of the factors that have led to the significant economic recovery of the PRC, as well as find application in forecasting China's economic policy and the problems that it may face in the near future. Keywords: specialization, science, China, economic growth, technology.

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