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Health status of Russian Population in Comparison with Countries Close to Russia in Terms of Economic Development

Student: Ekaterina Morozova

Supervisor: Elena Potapchik

Faculty: Faculty of Social Sciences

Educational Programme: Public Administration (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2020

Russia's low position in the "Bloomberg Global Health Index 2019" rating has led to the need to draw attention to the problem of public health in countries close to Russia's level of economic development. Based on the indicated relevance, the paper presents a comparative analysis of the health status of the population in Russia and countries with relatively similar economies, as well as identifies factors that determine the differences in health statuses. The analysis conducted on the basis of a sample of 9 countries consists of three parts: (1) theoretical analysis of the essence of the concept of "public health" and its determining factors is presented, a list of key indicators for assessing the health status of the population is highlighted; (2) a comparative analysis of the countries considered in the framework of the work on the criteria of public health is carried out: life expectancy and healthy life expectancy, morbidity, mortality, and the impact of risk factors; (3) the final part provides a list of areas for modernizing the Russian national health policy in order to improve the health of the population. Keywords: health population, public health, life expectancy, mortality, morbidity, risk factors, world health organization

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