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Problems of Public Transport Development in Large Urban Agglomerations (the Case of St. Petersburg)

Student: Irina Fardeeva

Supervisor: Alexander M. Khodachek

Faculty: Saint-Petersburg School of Social Sciences and Area Studies

Educational Programme: Urban Development and Local Administration (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2020

Public transport system of St. Petersburg (hereinafter - PTS SPb) is a difficult issue for development, taking into account the unbalanced development of the transport infrastructure as a whole. At the same time, the social and economic development of the city depends on the St. Petersburg PTS. Nowadays PTS of St/ Petersburg is not on the high level of the development and requires measures to improve it. The aim of the study is to identify problems in the development of public transport in St. Petersburg. The object of the study is the system of public transport system, as an element of the transport infrastructure of a large urban agglomeration on the example of St. Petersburg. The subject of the study - problems of the development of public transport system, regulatory documents governing the development of urban passenger transport in St. Petersburg The relevance of the study is based on the analysis of public transport system the effective development, according to the ever-growing demand for urban passenger transport services, the development of urban areas and the expansion of residential areas, a high level of urbanization and motorization. The study shows that now there are development problems of public transport system that affect various socio-economic factors development of St. Petersburg. To conduct the study, normative legal acts, programs and activities carried out or planned for implementation for the development of the Saint-Petersburg GPT were analysed. In the first part of the study, main problems of the development of the PTS St. Petersburg are identified; measures for the development of public transport in St. Petersburg are considered. The second part of the study is aimed at assessing the balanced development of the PTS of St. Petersburg – assessment based on the analysis of the State Program "Development of the transport infrastructure of St. Petersburg" and main objectives of the General Plan of St. Petersburg in the development of the PTS. The third part of the study contains recommendations on ranking indicators of the State Program "Development of the transport infrastructure of St. Petersburg" to achieve a balanced development and identifies the need for priority development of the subway.

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