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The Problem of Child Deviation during the War and Post-war Years: the Case of Molotov Region

Student: Darya Starkova

Supervisor: Anna S. Kimerling

Faculty: Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities (Perm)

Educational Programme: History (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2020

The main focus of the research in this final qualification work is on the daily life of children in the war and post-war years (1941-1950) and various aspects of their daily practice. Part of the work contains a description of the General features of children's daily life of the studied period, with an in-depth study of the process of education and upbringing in children's institutions. Through the study and reconstruction of the daily life of children and adolescents in the war and post-war period, it will be necessary to trace what forms of deviant behavior of adolescents existed and the reasons for such behavior. The research will be based on scientific articles, memoirs of war children, as well as numerous archival data that contain data on generally accepted norms of behavior and upbringing of minors. There is a large number of documents, reports, memos and correspondence that demonstrate multiple violations that existed in children's institutions. In most cases, the data show insufficient funding, which worsened the material and living conditions, academic performance and discipline of students. Many of the problems associated with children's deviant behavior were hidden in this, and during the study period, they change very slowly and gradually due to the conditions of wartime and post-war recovery.

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