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Ways of Improving Interaction between Authorities and Residents on Transport Infrastructure Projects (Case of Moscow)

Student: Kseniya Bannova

Supervisor: Ivan Medvedev

Faculty: Faculty of Urban and Regional Development

Educational Programme: Urban Development and Spatial Planning (Master)

Final Grade: 8

Year of Graduation: 2020

The paper is devoted to the analysis of existing procedure for interaction between authorities and residents on the construction of transport infrustructure objects (TIO) in Russia. The practical part of the work contains an analysis of 18 examples of conflicts in Moscow related to the construction and reconstruction of TIO. As a result of the analysis, the most typical reasons for the dissatisfaction of residents in connection with the construction of the TIO were identified, which were then confirmed through a content analysis of the petitions. In addition, as a result of the content analysis, other trends were identified that contributed to the formation of proposals for changing the existing interaction procedure. Additionally, an indicator of the level of civic participation was calculated by the method of qualimetry. Based on the results of the calculations, we can conclude that at present there is no correlation between the level of public participation and the final version of the project in Moscow. Accordingly, the facts of changes in the projects are more likely to be random in nature, and are not a natural sequence of work with the public opinion. Further development of the urban environment is impossible without high-quality interaction between authorities and residents. Considering the high technical complexity of creating TIO, the formation of the interaction methodology is of particular relevance. Based on the results of the analysis, we can conclude that at present the public initiative regarding the construction projects of TIO is ahead of the existing methods of interaction. While maintaining the existing forms of citizen participation in planning, an increase in this gap is inevitable, which in turn will lead to an increase in the total number of conflicts that arise. It is necessary to change the situation in such a way that the forms of interaction with the population proposed by the state are slightly ahead of public initiatives, not involving citizens in planning, but inviting to participate in it, while ensuring careful attention to incoming proposals and their consideration in future work.

Full text (added May 24, 2020)

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