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Stalin\'s Repressions: The Impact of Prison and Exile on the Creative Evolution of Writers

Student: Polina Terefenko

Supervisor: Boris Gasparov

Faculty: School of Arts and Humanities

Educational Programme: Philology (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2020

Stalin's rule in the history of Russia is one of the most eventful. Many scientists have analyzed the years of Stalin's rule. for literary critics, works written during such a difficult time were of unquestionable interest. This paper will examine the period of Stalinist repression: the period of creation of Gulag camps, which influenced the lives of hundreds of thousands of people from different spheres of life. It shows changes in creativity under pressure, which often could not be directed. The very feeling of "heavy air" limited and certainly forced you to think about what you can write and what you should not write. The work is based on the book by Jan Plumper and katriona Kelly: they considered the formation of children's literature and the influence of Joseph Vissarionovich on literature itself and creators, diary entries of writers ' wives and writers themselves about a difficult obstacle in life, archival records about Gulags (the purpose of their creation, the number of people who were repressed and died in them). The main techniques are to compare the biography and creativity of writers, after which several poems were taken from the period before the repression (most often poems at the beginning of the creative path) and poems written on time or after their return. Important in the analysis of poems was the context, which most often shows the author's point of view. But the problem is also that many repressed writers did not dare to speak openly about the remnants. The main theme of all writers whose work has been analyzed can be called nature, its interaction and relationship with man. So in Zabolotsky, Shalamov and Zhigulin, nature is closely connected with man, and they influence each other.

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