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Russian Energy Export Strategies on the Chinese and European Markets After 2014: Political and Economic Analysis

Student: Polina Butko

Supervisor: Maxim Bratersky

Faculty: Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs

Educational Programme: Double degree programme in International Relations of the NRU HSE and the University of London (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2021

The global energy system transition has long ceased to be a speculative abstraction. Developed countries are setting the goal of almost completely phasing out carbon energy in the medium run. It becomes vitally important for Russia to find its place in the context of the global energy transformation. The primary goals of this academic paper are to identify Russian energy export strategies on Chinese and European markets and to find out how Russia adjusts her energy policy to the changing international environment. The analysis consists of the current situation on the global energy market with the main focus on EU-Russia and Sino-Russian relationships concerning energy, political and economic spheres. Methodologically, the research is based on securitisation theory. Mixed method of research was implemented in this paper, namely qualitative with analysis of primary sources, as well as quantitative such as databased and statistical analysis. Research design and strategy of the paper implies the discourse analysis of Russian, EU and Chinese legal documents, together with interpretative approach as the main tools in a quest of addressing the research question, to understand the prerequisites for Russian energy policy changes and to assume the future possible Russian position on global energy market, with regards to the changing state of international political environment.

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