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The Evolution of the United States Approach Towards Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Under Donald Trump’s Administration

Student: Ekaterina Lukyanova

Supervisor: Dmitry Novikov

Faculty: Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs

Educational Programme: Double degree programme in International Relations of the NRU HSE and the University of London (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2021

This research aims to appropriately classify and distinguish the shift in US foreign policy regarding the Arab-Israeli conflict during Donald Trump's administration. As classical theories cannot always explain actions in international relations, were are often moved in the direction of modern approaches. Getting a grasp of another person's mindset is one of the most complex and challenging tasks in hu-man relationships since the consequences of our reaction to the environment depend on what the other is thinking. And this is when post-structuralism comes in handy. This paper will explain why devia-tion from norms in foreign policy is better explained through post-structuralism than classical theories, like realism. The difference is in the intersubjective truth, which is always the same for realists, while post-structuralists state that the reality for everyone is their own. Even if the United States' position in settling disagreements is vastly different from one administration to another, the US involvement in resolving conflicts improves the peace process somehow. This research would allow us to expand our knowledge of the US contributions to peace and security in the Middle East and clarify its capacity to be a peace-maker. The Arab-Israeli controversy is a hot subject since the US has been a staunch sup-porter of Israel since the 1960s and has encouraged close ties between Israel and Arab countries. Eve-ry government deals with the dispute differently, so having varied strategies may either help or dam-age the existing relationships between the administration and the nations. Prejudice (disparities) has a far broader root in the current government under Donald's policies. This study analyses why this hap-pens and finds causes that clarify variables that contribute to specific behaviour.

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