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Stolypin's Social Legislation

ФИО студента: Nikita Safronov

Руководитель: Anastasija S. Tumanova

Кампус/факультет: Faculty of Law

Программа: Legal History, Theory and Philosophy of Law (Master)

Год защиты: 2021

The purpose of this study was to identify the reasons for the key features and results of the reform of the social legislation of the Russian Empire at the beginning of the 20th century, conducted under the leadership of P. A. Stolypin. In particular, to achieve this goal, the following tasks were set: to identify and analyze the main prerequisites for the implementation of the reform, to consider the process of developing, discussing and adopting reforms, to analyze the results of the implementation of the reform of social legislation. In the course of the study, as a result of the use of both general scientific and private scientific methods (formal-legal, comparative-legal, statistical, systematic approach), the main prerequisites for reform were identified and analyzed (imperfection and incompleteness of pre-reform legislation, the development of foreign social legislation and the formation of public opinion understanding of the problems of social legislation and social rights of the population). Based on the analysis of the norms of the new laws and statistical data, it is concluded that as a result of the reform of social legislation carried out by the government of P. A. Stolypin, an integral system of legal acts in the field of compulsory social insurance of workers was developed. The reforms carried out significantly improved the situation of workers in the Russian Empire, and allowed them, among the first in Russia, to gain access to social insurance. It is also concluded that the Regulations developed by the government on the working and rest time of trade and Craft employees had significant shortcomings, providing the owners of trade establishments with the opportunity to evade their compliance. As a result, the legal and social status of trade and craft employees did not significantly change as a result of the reform, this category of the population still remained socially unprotected, and the legislative regulation of the working day in practice did not affect the majority of clerks.

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