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Legal Personhood of Artificial Intelligence: The Current State of the Problem

Student: Viktoriia Bosko

Supervisor: Rodion Belkovich

Faculty: Faculty of Law

Educational Programme: Legal History, Theory and Philosophy of Law (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2021

The purpose of this work is to identify key problematic aspects on the issue of the legal personality of artificial intelligence in modern scientific works, their systematization regarding the objections considered in the work " Legal Personhood for Artificial Intelligences" by Lawrence Solum, as well as to assess the development of new problem areas of the issue at the present stage. In the course of the research, both general scientific methods of analysis and synthesis, identification of causal relationships, and formal legal, comparative legal and statistical research methods were applied. As a result of the study, it was revealed that at the moment in the scientific works of legal theorists, the problem of the legal personality of artificial intelligence remains unresolved and is of a complex nature. This is due both to the technological development and complication of artificial intelligence systems, and to the complexity and multidimensionality of legal mechanisms that are proposed to resolve the existing problem, and with the difference in their implementation in different legal systems. The most urgent problem in the complex of problems on the legal personality of artificial intelligence in the works of theorists of law today is the problem of the responsibility of artificial intelligence. New problems, in addition to the existing ones, which further complicate the question of the legal personality of artificial intelligence, are: the problem of the unpredictability of artificial intelligence, the problem of property rights of artificial intelligence, the problem of abuse.

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