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Naturalism and Its Criticism in Substantiating the Nature of Lies

Student: Daria Tolstykh

Supervisor: Anastasia V. Ugleva

Faculty: Faculty of Humanities

Educational Programme: Philosophy (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2021

All people lie. It is a fact. Is a lie natural for a person, or is it a deliberate, rational choice of a conscious subject who made a lie for a specific purpose? The answer is not obvious. If the lie is natural or the purpose of the lie is good, is this a sufficient reason to justify the lie? The topic is not trivial and more relevant than ever in the era of devaluation of the value of truth, universal rationalization, widespread dissemination, and agreement that "the end justifies the means." We will not talk about whether a lie is good or bad. Instead, we will try to understand its nature, origins, turning to naturalistic and anti-naturalistic approaches on the example of the works of I. Kant, H. Spencer, C. Darwin, J. S. Mill, and I. Bentham.

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