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Institutional Determinants of Political Trust and Its Subtypes in Comparative Perspective

ФИО студента: Kopylov Valentin

Руководитель: Daria Salnikova

Кампус/факультет: Faculty of Social Sciences

Программа: Political Science (Bachelor)

Год защиты: 2021

This paper concentrates on studying political trust and its associations with the institutional determinants of the political system. The paper's primary purpose is to research and develop the concept of political trust in its multidimensional structure and assess its association with institutional features. In order to achieve it, this paper disentangles the concept of political trust into three major subtypes: distrust, mistrust, and credulous trust, which are operationalized through the Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis, which allowed us to check for the measurement equivalence. In the research, we achieved metric equivalence in our modeling, which allowed us to compare the directions of the effects. Furthermore, we proceeded to the division of the respondents into corresponding political trust subtypes using their response patterns and assessing the variation of their answers. After constructing our dependent variable, we apply multinomial regression analysis (+ multilevel with random effects on countries) with the political trust type as the target variable. The key dependent variables are the qualities of the institutions, which respondents prefer in order to increase their trustworthiness in the political institutions. The analysis results contain the modeled political trust subtypes, which differ from each other and, more importantly, obtain specific institutional determinants in their internal comparisons, such as the accountability and quality of leadership, (which corresponds to efficiency) connected to the political distrust and political mistrust. However, we had achieved a clear division between credulous political trust and other subtypes of political trust, but we could not achieve a clear distinction between political mistrust and distrust. Thus, there is an open debate on the dimensionality of the political trust, which we aim to fill with the presented paper. This work will be structured as follows: introduction includes the discussion on the relevance of the topic and the problem statement, the central part will introduce the literature review and discuss the methods involved, next we will present the analysis part, and finally, the results and discussion will be presented.

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