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Information Structure in English-Russian Translation

Student: Diana Denisenko

Supervisor: Tatiana Belyaeva

Faculty: School of Foreign Languages

Educational Programme: Foreign Languages and Intercultural Communication (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2021

This paper explores the insights concerning a particular type of information structure of a sentence and a monorheme of a particular kind. Relevance of the research is explained by absence of thorough studies concerning monorheme translation. There is a traditional rule of monorheme translation which implies that in the process of translation from English into Russian the informational focus of a sentence should change its position in a sentence to the opposite. In this paper a popular science book was investigated and monorhemes with a different information structure were found and classified. The research proves that the number of monorhemes with an informational focus at the end of a sentence significantly outnumberes all other types of monorhemes. Such type of monorhemes do not follow the traditional rule of translation. Improper translation of a monorheme with a reverse structure could result into misrepresentation of given information and, consequently, inefficient act of communication.

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