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Legal Regulation of the Labor of Professional Hockey Players and Coaches

Student: Nataliya Karelova

Supervisor: Alexandr Chebotarev

Faculty: Faculty of Law

Educational Programme: Jurisprudence (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2021

Since the 20s of the XX century, ice hockey has become increasingly popular around the world, including in Russia. Many Russian hockey players leave every year to play abroad, as well as players from Europe and America come to play in Russian hockey leagues. With a certain frequency, Russia hosts major world championships that attract tens of thousands of tourists from all over the world – in 2016, the World Hockey Championship was held in Moscow and St. Petersburg, and in 2023, the Youth World Championship will be held in Novosibirsk and Omsk. Sport in our time is not only an instrument of culture and health, but also an instrument of a political nature. Accordingly, the state is focused on the development of sports in the country, for example, a Program for the development of ice hockey in the Russian Federation for 2018-2022 has been developed, which provides for the development of this sport in various areas: media, international cooperation, popularization in Russia, the financial component and attracting special attention to the economic potential. However, this program does not provide for the solution of legal problems that arise in the employment relations of players and coaches. Despite the attempt of the legislator to regulate such legal relations, the Labor Code of the Russian Federation regulates the work of all athletes, without taking into account the existing specifics of each individual sport. In addition to the lack of detailed legislative regulation, the problems of corruption, anti-doping rule violations, and the dominance of clubs and agents over hockey players are increasing every year in modern hockey. The theoretical significance of this study lies in the fact that there are still many gaps and conflicts in legal regulation, and many definitions are missing that need to be defined at the legislative level. The practical significance is that many hockey players and hockey coaches are in a position dependent on leagues, managers, and agents. The relevance of this work is that along with the development of business in sports, namely in hockey, all areas of professional hockey are progressing, which causes the need to establish a high-quality legal regulation of the work of athletes and coaches, since it is labor relations that are at the head of the entire chain linking clubs, leagues and players – currently, the regulation of labor relations of these subjects is not characterized by a high quality of elaboration and efficiency. The purpose of the study is to conduct a comprehensive analysis of current problems in the regulation of labor relations of professional hockey subjects. Also, it is worth noting that the work of hockey players and hockey coaches differs in many ways from the labor relations of other categories of employees, and therefore it is necessary to reflect the uniqueness and immediacy of this work.

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