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Methodologocal Manual for the basic course of Environment design

Student: Anastasiya Posokhina

Supervisor: Uliana Aristova

Faculty: Faculty of Communications, Media, and Design

Educational Programme: Contemporary Design in the Teaching of Fine Arts and Technology at School (Master)

Final Grade: 8

Year of Graduation: 2021

Arts since its inception thousands of years ago and there are always placed in any environment, emphasizing or sometimes changes the meaning inherent in it. An intuitive understanding of the importance of the location of a work of art has always existed, but for a long time it was not manifested and stood out as a separate discourse. "Separation" works of art from the environment in which he was to be initially placed, began to happen during wars, looting and conquests, when all of the most beautiful and valuable was withdrawn as trophies and reparations. Already in ancient Greece, there were premises, which houses works of art seized from other nations during wars. In the Middle Ages, "confiscated" works of art were collected and dumped to serve as payment of the redemption and to be use on other expenses. In the 15th century, in the heyday of the Renaissance, Lorenzo de Medici ordered the creation of the "Sculpture Garden" - a special place intended for the exhibition of art. From this point on is catching construction of buildings with long corridors to accommodate the paintings and statues, followed by the creation of special "rooms" - spaces, as defined under the placement of works of art. This trend began to spread rapidly in Italy, Germany and further across Europe. The first modern museum is considered to be the British Museum in London, which opened in 1753, for a visit that required written permission. The first public museum was the Louvre, which opened it to the public after the French Revolution in 1793. In the XIX century began to build special buildings museums. One of the first was the Altes Museum in Berlin (1830). Since art has become detached from the context of the environment, to turn into the "art for art's sake" and placed in a specially reserved for this space is used exclusively for the exhibition of collected works. The theme of the environment in which the object is placed was again actualized by Marcel Duchamp, who exhibited in 1917 as a work of art the "Fountain" urinal, accompanied by an autograph and a date. Thus, he declared a new approach: an object becomes an artistic object thanks only to the will and signature of the author, being presented in a certain context (for example, an exhibition or a museum). Dyushan was not only known as the founder of postmodernism, but also gave impetus to the awareness and highlighting of several themes that found their further development in the twentieth century. Among them, focusing attention on the context in which a work of art appears, and on installation - a new form of both art itself and the organization of space. Thanks to these accents manifested at the beginning of the twentieth century, the configuration of the space for the exhibition of art also began to stand out as a separate direction in the field of design ("design" is also a new word generated by the twentieth century): the design of the exhibition space as a separate installation in itself and as a tool as a context designed to generate certain allusions, emotions, moods and thoughts. This study is intended to demonstrate the current approaches to the design of the exhibition space as an independent object of art, creating a context for showing the works of artists and merging with the art of installation. The visual exploration is divided into two parts: - the first part contains examples of the design of exhibitions by different artists, which themselves look like installations - the second part contains examples of installations by different artists. Visual exploration cannot contain all examples of both approaches, but sets the direction for further exploration of this topic. Visual research cannot contain all the examples of both approaches, but it sets the direction for further study of this topic.

Full text (added May 17, 2021)

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