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Ethical Boundaries of the Use of Artificial Intelligence in Civil Relations

ФИО студента: Aleksandr Basniev

Руководитель: Aleksei Gudkov

Кампус/факультет: Faculty of Law

Программа: Information Technology and Intellectual Property Law (Master)

Год защиты: 2021

The relevance of the study is confirmed by both the interest in artificial intelligence on the part of the state, and the objective need to develop approaches of regulation of artificial intelligence usage in civil law relations. The paper examines the ethical and legal problems of the use of artificial intelligence in civil law relations. The paper examines such topics as the ethical feasibility of responsibility for artificial intelligence solutions, the problems of processing user data by artificial intelligence, the problem of empathy by artificial intelligence, the balance of interests during usage of artificial intelligence in civil law relations and other close related problems that arise when using artificial intelligence in civil law relations. The paper expresses the advantages of soft law over positive law regulation the activities of professional communities in connection with artificial intelligence usage. The work is based both on the analysis of the existing legislative body and literature, and offers its own innovations in the field of regulation of artificial intelligence and its use of it in civil law relations. The paper attempts to develop a conceptual approach to the regulation of artificial intelligence, including the regulation of the responsibility of owners and creators of artificial intelligence for the actions of artificial intelligence. Ethical principles of artificial intelligence regulation for professional communities involved in the process of creating and using artificial intelligence in civil law relations are also proposed. The ethical principles are based on the European experience and are designed to solve the problems described in the paper.

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