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Evacuation in 1941-1943, National and Cultural Adaptation: the Case of the Molotov Region

Student: Vladislava Perevalova

Supervisor: Anna S. Kimerling

Faculty: Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities (Perm)

Educational Programme: History (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2021

The forced encounter between people of different cultural types and nationalities within the same territory always establishes several problematic spheres. The home front represented a sophisticated area due to the population flow within the Soviet Union. Moreover, the evacuees had different nationalities and cultures. This work aims to determine the practices and techniques of the evacuees’ adaptation to the Molotov region. The research problem is considered through the consistent literature review where the scholars tend to focus more on analyzing the position and status of the evacuees and citizens in the course of the period. More specific attention is paid to changes in the everyday life of the region’s population. So, the work reports in detail how the citizens described by ‘tactics’ adapted to the new conditions imposed by the ‘strategies’. Anti-Semitism became an evacuation phenomenon that was aimed at all the newcomers but not the real Jewish people. The research examines various types of sources, such as archival documents, the local periodical press, and interviews of the evacuated people. These sources allow us to study different aspects of the evacuation. Moreover, the methodological theory considered by Michelle de Certeau enables to elaborate on analyzing the interactions between the newcomers, the citizens, and the local party.

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