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Immigration Policy of the USA and Germany. A Study of Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Changes in Regulatory Sphere

Student: Dmitry Karateev

Supervisor: Alexandra Alexandrovna Moskovskaya

Faculty: Faculty of Social Sciences

Educational Programme: Political Analysis and Public Policy (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2021

This work is an attempt to consider and analyze the problems that relate to immigration processes not within the framework of a general global problem, but as a question of the causes and factors that affect the immigration system of developed countries. We decided to take as the object of analysis two of the brightest and most developed representatives of the Global North - the United States and Germany, as well as their legal and political systems in order to understand what factors are decisive in the design of a particular political agenda, how they affect the legal side of immigration issues and how they enable political actors to build relationships within the political subsystem. Based on the problems, discourse and theoretical approaches, we propose to consider the following research question: “Are the institutional ties of various actors and organizations stable enough in the discourse(s) of the migration policy of the United States and Germany to exert sufficient influence on the formation of the legal and regulatory framework for immigration, or do these connections exist only to justify the momentary needs of political and social subjects, when factors play exclusively the role of folding screens? " The hypothesis of the study is the thesis that two important and highly developed Global North countries, which have a similar problem with immigration flows, should adopt a similar decision-making system within the subsystem of political immigration. Despite the fact that the actors, their components, depend on the adopted laws, initially they create a powerful political and social discourse for the adoption / rejection of a specific law. Therefore, it is important to find the continuity of the political discourse towards the approval of a particular law and designate it as a factor influencing the change in the general immigration policy. The research objectives are defined as follows: 1) Study the features, changes and differences in the specifics of the US federal migration policy; 2) Explore the features, changes and differences in the specifics of the federal migration policy in Germany; 3) Consider and analyze political and social actors in both countries for the possibility of forming coalitions (for example, “pro-immigration” and “anti-immigration”) related to the current regulatory framework; 4) Determine the political, economic and social factors influencing immigration policy through the prism of the formed coalition's beliefs and constructed discourse. Thus, we propose to consider two immigration political subsystems of Germany and the United States through the prism of the theory of sociological institutionalism and Advocacy Coalition Framework

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