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The Soviet Ministry of Culture in the Cultural Diplomacy with the Federal Republic of Germany in the 1970s

Student: Tatyana Ushakova

Supervisor: Martin Beisswenger

Faculty: Faculty of Humanities

Educational Programme: History of the Modern World (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2021

The work, based on the existing experience of historiography and based on Russian and foreign studies and archival materials, examines the activities of the USSR Ministry of Culture as one of the institutional elements of Soviet cultural diplomacy towards Federal Republic of Germany in the 1970s. This study focuses on internal actors of Soviet cultural diplomacy, namely a particular agency in its dependence on the party ideological line. This paper analyses the activities of the agency in relation to the ideological and foreign policy line. The study raises the question of what cultural diplomacy was for the agency's work and how the implementation of party instructions was expressed on a practical level. In the 1970s, the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs, on the initiative of Foreign Minister A.A. Gromyko, separated out the authority to control and implement the USSR's cultural cooperation treaties with the FRG in favour of the USSR Ministry of Culture. The example of the Ministry of Culture of the USSR shows the gap between the declared aims of cultural activities and the practical implementation of those aims. The choice of the FRG as an example of the direction of cultural diplomacy of the FRG was due to the particularities of the foreign policy context in the 1970s and the particularities of cultural diplomacy for capitalist countries, where the USSR had little influence and was not aiming to consolidate the socialist regime, but to present the Soviet system in the best possible way. Keywords: Soviet cultural diplomacy, Soviet Ministry of Culture, Moscow Treaty 1970, Federal Republic of Germany

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