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The USSR Museum of Revolution and the Formation of Soviet Historical Policy in the 1920s

ФИО студента: Olga Bolotova

Руководитель: Alexander Nikolaevich Dmitriev

Кампус/факультет: Faculty of Humanities

Программа: History of the Modern World (Master)

Год защиты: 2021

The Museum of the USSR Revolution was a new historical-revolutionary type of museums that appeared in the country after the 1917 revolution. Its appearance was associated with the party apparatus and the work of one of its departments - Istpart. The rhythm of the organization's life was tied to the existing political cycle, and the first director was an old Bolshevik S.I. Mitskevich who came from the party environment S.I. Mitskevich. The research focuses on the establishment of a museum, which main goal was promoting in soviet society historical perspectives approved by the state as it was openly declared. In this connection, it is proposed to look at the Museum of the Revolution as one of the first institutions of Soviet memory and describe it as a special - political - genre of museumification, making the methods of storing, exhibiting, producing meaning and value visible. The Soviet state provided large-scale examples of the use of the past for political purposes. To implement its own policy of memory, it created a specific infrastructure, the foundations of which were laid precisely during the 1920s. The Museum of the Revolution was a part of this infrastructure, so the history of its formation and development in the 1920s can be viewed as a direct reflection of the country's historical policy that was beginning to form.

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