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Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Female Identity on the Example of a Case

ФИО студента: Alina Stepanova

Руководитель: Asya Leykina

Кампус/факультет: Faculty of Social Sciences

Программа: Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Business Consulting (Master)

Оценка: 10

Год защиты: 2021

The aim of the study is to study the applied aspects of psychoanalytic work with the theme of the rejection of the feminine by women and to determine the influence of early objects on the formation of female identity. The hypothesis of the study is that the key components of the formation of female identity are the acceptance of the girl's gender, the recognition of the difference between the sexes, the successful Oedipus, the established prohibition of incest, which is the result of a positive experience of interaction with the mother, where there are early narcissistic investments and moderate frustrations, a positive image of the father, who is able to establish the law, as well as a fairly healthy mother's psyche, thanks to which the mother is able to contain the early narcissistic losses of the girl and invest expectation. A strong therapeutic alliance of the client and the psychoanalytic consultant, the constancy of the consultant, the study of the main female conflicts, and the work of grief on early losses can have a positive impact on the integration of the "male" and "female" in the female psyche, which will have a positive impact on the woman's self-identification, as well as the quality of her relationships and the sexual sphere. The empirical part of the work is aimed at the relevance of the psychoanalytic theories and hypotheses of the author on the basis of the study of two practical cases. Based on the results of the analysis of the theoretical study and the results of psychoanalytic work with clients, the hypothesis of the study was proved, and the importance of the mother-father-child triangulation was revealed. In this triangulation, the mother must be present and be good enough to be able to identify with her, especially in the pre-oedipal period. The role of the father is no less important in the oedipal period when there is a change of the object. The mother should be able to invest the girl and her gender. Maternal conflicts should not lie in the area of accepting one's gender, which will be an obstacle to investing in the girl's gender. If the mother is absent or insufficient, other female objects are important, which can form a healthy representation of the female image.

Full text (added May 26, 2021)

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