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Elections to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR as a Political Campaign of the Stalin era: the Molotov Region

Student: Nikolay Fedyukov

Supervisor: Anna S. Kimerling

Faculty: Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities (Perm)

Educational Programme: History (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2021

The work examines the evolution of the elections to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1937, 1946, 1950 and 1954 as a political campaign. The archival materials of the State Archive of the Perm Region and the Perm State Archive of Socio-Political History were used to create the work. The most important are the cases of the funds of the Perm City Committee, district councils, district committees, party organizations of Molotov factories and others. The following tasks were set: to study the phenomenon of Soviet democracy; to show the connection between elections as political campaigns and planned economy; to describe political campaigns as part of the Soviet pseudo-democracy; to highlight the features of the evolution of campaigns for elections to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR at each stage. The elections to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR were a political campaign, at first glance, unrelated to the economy. However, the authorities positioned the elections as a reason for over-fulfilling production plans, along with an opportunity to demonstrate their loyalty to the regime. The significance of each subsequent election to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR fell sharply. There was a routine of elections, and after the death of Stalin, participation in the elections became exclusively a ritual.

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