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Regular version of the site

Integration Processes in Asia and Africa

Academic Year
Instruction in English
ECTS credits
Course type:
Compulsory course
1 year, 4 module


Course Syllabus


Within the framework of this course, the subject “Integration” is studied in three main spheres: international relations, the world economy and international law. The theory of integration processes is comprehensively studied, and analysis is carried out concerning existing integration associations of Asian and African countries. Integration processes in their modern interpretation began to develop in the world from about the second half of the 20th century. In the 1960s the first stable integration blocs emerged, in the formation of which the concept of “closed regionalism” dominated as a kind of protectionism and cohesion of the countries of the region to achieve economic development and prosperity through intra-regional integration. The concepts of "regional integration" have been formed since that period. However, since the 1970s globalization processes are actively growing in the world, implying large-scale trans-regional cooperation, and the second wave of intensification of integration processes in the world was taking place on the principles of “open regionalism”. Not only economically developed countries but also developing as well as the least developed countries of Asia and Africa are involved in various forms of integration processes, however, in different regions, in the formats of different integration blocks, they develop in a different way, with varying degrees of effectiveness and viability of their integration. The countries of the Asia-Pacific region in the 21st century are especially actively involved in the creation of a new generation of interregional integration agreements, examples of which are the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the Comprehensive Regional Economic Partnership. A number of theories are devoted to the concept of “international economic integration”, within the framework of which stages and classifications of development of economic integration are distinguished - from preferential trade agreements as a pre-integration stage of cooperation between countries to economic and monetary union and political integration as the highest possible form of integration development. The latest development (practical and of scientific thought) in the field of international integration is the formation of a new direction in the framework of international law, “integration law”. It reflects the urgent need for the formulation of new rules designed to regulate global and regional integration processes and the legal relations arising in their framework between states and other participants of international relations, including economic ones.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • The course provides a mix of theory, empirical evidence, legal and institutional detail. Students will be able to know and analyze preconditions and effects of trade and monetary integration, know about modern trends in economic integration. The course is based on two main pillars: the first one requires learning of the theory of integration, basic concepts of regional integration, theories of international economic integration, forms of integration, such as a preferential trade agreement, a free trade area, customs union, common market, economic union, and total (political) integration. Such a modern branch of international law as integration law is also examined as a part of the theoretical aspects of modern integration. Another part of the course is substantially devoted to analyzing existing integration blocs and associations in the countries of Asia and Africa.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • to conduct a qualitative and quantitative analysis of integration processes in Asia and Africa
  • to identify factors and trends that determine the development of integration processes and highlight their development prospects in the 21st century
  • to distinguish an integration block from a general international organization
  • to distinguish various forms and stages of integration.
  • to formulate interconnections between globalization, internationalization, and integration
  • to conduct “case studies” on the topic.
  • to effectively work with literature and different types of information resources, to locate, analyze, evaluate, synthesize information from a wide variety of sources.
  • to identify and explain the basic concepts of regional economic integration
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Overview of International Integration theory, possibility and the need for integration.
    Internationalization and globalization of the world economy and Asian and African countries as factors that strengthen integration processes.
  • Regional integration.
    “Closed” and “open” regionalism in integration processes in Asia and Africa.
  • International economic integration.
    Forms and stages of integration (a preferential trade agreement, a free trade area, customs union, common market, economic union, and total (political) integration). B.Balassa concept.
  • Theories of Integration law.
    Positive and negative integration cases.
  • Integration blocs in East Asia and the Asia Pacific. ASEAN.
    Transpacific Partnership/Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) as next-generation integration agreements
  • Integration blocs in the Middle East and Africa.
    “Multi-speed” integration cases.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Class attendance
    35% of final grade
  • non-blocking Participation at the class work
    15% of final grade
  • non-blocking Exam
    30% of final grade
  • non-blocking Group discussion and readings
    20% of final grade
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (4 module)
    0.35 * Class attendance + 0.3 * Exam + 0.2 * Group discussion and readings + 0.15 * Participation at the class work


Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Miroslav N. Jovanović. (2015). The Economics of International Integration, Second Edition. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • O. V. Butorina, & N. Y. Kaveshnikov. (2020). Ten Years of the Department of European Integration in Mgimo-University.
  • William E. James. (2008). Brick by Brick: the building of an ASEAN economic community - Edited by Denis Hew. Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, 2, 65. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8411.2008.00222_10.x

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Schiff, M. (DE-627)1240248334, (DE-576)17024833X, aut. (2003). Regional integration and development Maurice Schiff and L. Alan Winters.
  • Wiśniewska, I. (DE-588)1157021379, (DE-576)187539073. (2013). Eurasian integration : Russia’s attempt at the economic unification of the Post-Soviet area / Iwona Wiśniewska ; Co-operation: Ewa Fischer, Wojciech Górecki, Szymon Kardaś, Marek Menkiszak, Agata Wierzbowska-Miazga. Centre for Eastern Studies.