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Regular version of the site

International Aid History and Politics

2021/2022
Academic Year
ENG
Instruction in English
4
ECTS credits
Course type:
Compulsory course
When:
2 year, 2 module

Instructor

Course Syllabus

Abstract

Public Policies of Aid and Assistance are crucial in the definition and development of bilateral and multi-lateral relations among States. Aid has become a new instrument of the traditional international State power policies. Public Budgets devoted to activate aid and technical assistance initiatives as well as the related administrative structures put in place to manage them – have been constantly rising over the last six decades, in what is clearly a continuous trend. For most of International State Actors, being in the first line of the Donors Community in delivering Aid in areas of high geo-political interest has become a top priority and a primary political interest – to the extent that it may be stated that very often Donors have overall set of interests that are wider than those of the Beneficiaries. The Course focuses on one of the key sectors of intervention of the International Assistance Programmes, namely the Justice and Home Affairs Reform. Over the last two decades, after the end of the bi-polar system and with the unique scenarios emerging from the post-war transition in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the post-soviet transition mainly in Russia – there has been a radical evolution of the related models and projects of Aid and Assistance. While the public communication dimension of the Aid goes often lost in the rhetoric of the generous Samaritan, what actually marks the return of a State from a period of crisis to a period of growth is exactly when it succeeds to evolve from the comfortable but passive role of Beneficiary to the dominating one of the Donor. And to impose – inter alia – its juridical and judicial models.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • To provide a historical, theoretical and operational\technical perspective of the evolution of International Aid as one of the emerging tools of foreign policy among sovereign States and International Organizations.
  • To explain how Aid has become a new powerful political instrument of the traditional State power policies at international level, with competing Donors often having greater political interests than Recipients, despite the general rhetoric of coordination.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Describes donors-recipients dynamics of political interaction
  • Describes framing the operational definition of International Public Aid Policies
  • Describes historical Periodization of International Aid policies after World War II.
  • Describes International Aid towards Justice reform in post-war and post-soviet environments
  • Describes multiple dimensions of Aid interventions.
  • Describes Post soviet International Aid in Russia
  • Describes Post war International Aid in Western Balkans
  • Describes Practical simulations of project design in post-war and post-soviet transitions.
  • Describes Project programming, design, management, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Comparative practical challenges, procurement and political implications for Donors and Recipients
  • Describes recipient countries as reemerging and new donors
  • Describes the aspects of intertnational aid in the XIX century
  • Describes the evolution of International Aid Policies since the fall of the Berlin wall
  • Describes the evolution of the use of Technical Assistance programmes
  • Describes the perspectives of international aid in the context of sanctions
  • Describes the role of International Aid in International Law and International Relations.
  • Describes the Soft Power Approach towards International Aid.
  • Describes trends in the evolution of aid intervention models.
  • Describes types of assistance and Scenarios of Intervention
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Aid as a political category. The multiple dimensions of Aid.
  • International Aid in the context of International Law and International Relations.
  • International Aid between Idealism and Realism. The Soft Power approach.
  • Framing the operational definition of International Public Aid Policies.
  • International Aid and Sanctions.
  • International Aid in the XIX century.
  • Historical Periodization of International Aid policies after World War II.
  • Evolution of International Aid Policies since the fall of the Berlin wall.
  • Typologies of Actors, Types of assistance and Scenarios of Intervention.
  • Donors Recipients dynamics of political interaction.
  • Post war International Aid in Western Balkans.
  • Post soviet International Aid in Russia.
  • Recipient Countries as reemerging and new Donors.
  • Evolution of the use of Technical Assistance programmes (1989 today).
  • Project programming, design, management, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Comparative practical challenges, procurement and political implications for Donors and Recipients.
  • Case sector study: International Aid towards Justice reform in post-war and post-soviet environments.
  • Trends in the evolution of aid intervention models.
  • Practical simulations of project design in post-war and post-soviet transitions.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Class Participation
  • non-blocking Final Paper- Essay
  • non-blocking Final Oral Exam
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • 2021/2022 2nd module
    0.3 * Class Participation + 0.2 * Final Oral Exam + 0.5 * Final Paper- Essay
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Bara, A. A., & Chakraborty, B. (2019). Why should the government provide the infrastructure through the Public-Private Partnership mode? MPRA Paper. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.p.pra.mprapa.95008
  • Brezhneva, A. (2013). Russia as a humanitarian aid donor / Anna Brezhneva and Daria Ukhova. Oxford: Oxfam. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.407208801
  • Chakrabarti, P. N. (2018). History of International Relations. [N.p.]: New Central Book Agency. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=2239647
  • Davies, T. R. V. aut. (2017). Understanding non-governmental organizations in world politics : the promise and pitfalls of the early ‘science of internationalism’ / Thomas Richard Davies, City, University of London, UK. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.496387820
  • Lahiri, S. (2007). Theory and Practice of Foreign Aid. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Ltd. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=196524
  • Marchetti, R. (2017). Partnerships in International Policy-Making : Civil Society and Public Institutions in European and Global Affairs. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1341140
  • Niklasson, L. V. (DE-588)1120154499, (DE-627)873253469, (DE-576)480168806, aut. (2019). Improving the sustainable development goals strategies and the governance challenge Lars Niklasson. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.1668760576
  • Pellicciari, I. (2019). Foreign Aid and Cultural Diplomacy. Challenges and Opportunities in the New World (Dis) Order. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.349A0B84
  • Sinclair, J. R. (2019). Importance of a One Health approach in advancing global health security and the Sustainable Development Goals. Revue Scientifique Et Technique (International Office Of Epizootics), 38(1), 145–154. https://doi.org/10.20506/rst.38.1.2949
  • Siver, Christi. Military interventions, war crimes, and protecting civilians. Springer, 2018.
  • Smeets, M. (2018). Can economic sanctions be effective? Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.7702D84E
  • Soft law in public international law: a pragmatic or a principled choice? Comparing the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement. (2018). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-77522-7_13
  • Tannam, Etain. International Intervention in Ethnic Conflict: A Comparison of the European Union and the United Nations. Springer, 2014.
  • Wolf, C., Jr. (2018). Foreign Aid: Theory and Practice in Southern Asia. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.77D1E4BE

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • History of International Relations : A Non-European Perspective. (2019). Netherlands, Europe: Open Book Publishers. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.47A2B8DB
  • Lackey, D. P. (2015). Soft Power, Hard Power, and Smart Power. Philosophical Forum, 46(1), 121–126. https://doi.org/10.1111/phil.12059
  • Maguth, B. M., & Yang, H. (2019). The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals as a Global Content Framework? Journal of International Social Studies, 9(1), 3–28. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1215083
  • Menon, R. (2016). The Conceit of Humanitarian Intervention. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1167894
  • Noor, F. V. (DE-576)426469011, aut. (2018). Soft power and cultural diplomacy as counter-terrorism measure in contemporary international politics / Dr. Noor Fatima, Dr. Zahid Ali Khan. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.51224068X
  • Pellicciari, I. (2019). Il Governo dell’Aiuto. La Russia e l’evoluzione delle politiche di Aiuti e di Sanzioni. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.A4251615
  • Ringmar, E. (2016). History of International Relations: Introduction. Sweden, Europe: Open Book Publishers. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.8F28BEAB
  • Stefanie Schacherer, & Rhea Tamara Hoffmann. (2019). International investment law and sustainable development. Chapters, 563. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.h.elg.eechap.17250.18
  • Timofeev, I. V. (DE-588)117290362X, (DE-627)1041997604, (DE-576)514870222, aut. (2019). Sanctions against Russia 2018 review and forecast for 2019 Ivan Timofeev, Vladimir Morozov ; RIAC, Russian International Affairs Council. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.1664561528
  • Vasif HUSEYNOV. (2016). Soft power geopolitics: how does the diminishing utility of military power affect the Russia – West confrontation over the “Common Neighbourhood.” Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.CF22E9A4
  • Дробот Г. А. - МИРОВАЯ ПОЛИТИКА 3-е изд., пер. и доп. Учебник для вузов - М.:Издательство Юрайт - 2019 - 232с. - ISBN: 978-5-534-11789-9 - Текст электронный // ЭБС ЮРАЙТ - URL: https://urait.ru/book/mirovaya-politika-447361
  • Лебедева М.М. - Мировая политика - КноРус - 2018 - 253с. - ISBN: 978-5-406-06044-5 - Текст электронный // ЭБС BOOKRU - URL: https://book.ru/book/926535