Panel Discussion ‘Law, Data and the City’
On September 25 a board of international experts will take part in a panel discussion about the legality of using Big Data to improve the quality of life in the cities. You are welcome to attend the discussion at 19:00 in Shukhov Lab.
Towards a transformation of urban risk governance? The promises of Citizen Sensing
The 21st century’s citizens face challenges to their health and wellbeing posed by environmental risks. Such risks could be minimized through adaptive urban policies and multilevel risk governance.
Urban actors tend to respond to risk through various innovative solutions when they are in a situation of stress or shock. An emerging practice, ‘Citizen Sensing’, shows that the citizens are increasingly both willing and capable of monitoring these risks themselves and push for a change in their governance.
When non-expert citizens take advantage of technology to monitor environmental risk, two possible outcomes can be conceived. Either, the pre-existing institutional patterns for governing such risks are de-legitimized, or the two systems converge and strengthen each other.
The talk investigates two cases, the AiREAS air monitoring case (Eindhoven, the Netherlands), and the Safecast radiation monitoring case (Fukushima, Japan), to verify the conditions under which Citizen Sensing can release its full potential for achieving a co-governance of shared environmental risk in the city. The legal and regulatory implications of the emerging practice are also discussed, through a comparative lens between the EU and Russia.
Evolution of Big Data Issues for a Modern City
A few years ago Big Data was extremely popular, hype as it is. Later a new hype, blockchain, emerged to augment the Big Data hype. Business and academia were sure, that all they need – was to somehow collect all the data, store them somewhere and let Artificial Intelligence do its magic. Blockchain perfectly helps to collect more data and to store it.
A modern city can produce tremendous amounts of data – about weather, transport, payments, purchases, deals, calls, treatments and incidents. The Social Credit System of China ( 社会信用体系 ) has been in the news.
The world has changed: there is the GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation), and Big Data is not merely an opportunity, but also a risk. Facebook and British Airways have already been fined for data violations, while Cambridge Analytica were completely annihilated by lawsuits. To keep Big Data safe, companies should learn new words:
Zero-knowledge, Zero Knowledge Protocol – an ability to use stored data without being able to see (and therefore copy) them.
Crypto Shredding – an ability to immediately forget any piece of collected data after authorized request of a person or organization.
Big Data: Laws and Ethics
Use of Big Data in Russia is becoming more and more commercially beneficial for businesses – does such use equally benefit people? Where is Big Data used and how should it be used from the legal standpoint? What legal and ethical questions arise from the use of Big Data?
We will look into the Russian and international case law dealing with the use of Big Data in a wide sense – use of information that people leave about themselves on social networks and other online resources. As a member of a team handling the ongoing case VKontakte vs Double Data and representing Double Data, Irina will share insights revealed while working on this project.
We will also analyze where is the threshold of use of open user data not only from the legal but also from the ethical standpoint. As this topic is obviously highly debatable, we expect to have a mini opinion poll and encourage the audience to share their views on the problem.
Digital State, Digital City, Digital Citizen
The world is connected – governments, businesses, and people are increasingly living and working in a globally connected digital space. We form our identities not on the basis of spatial communities (neighborhood, town, city or country), but by attribution to digital ecosystems like Apple (or Android), Facebook (or VKontakte) etc. Governments use digital platforms on local, regional and national levels to administer their powers (even run electoral campaigns) and to get feedback from the citizens.
Citizens have become digital citizens – connected to a wide range of Internet resources, while global Internet companies such as Google and Yandex have become subject to the laws and rules both locally and globally. But what are those laws and rules and what do they entail? Who has the responsibility to ensure citizens’ rights are protected? What governs the way that global and local digital businesses operate?
Nikolay Dmitrik will share his concerns on digital citizenship and digital urbanism. Topics to discuss will include exercising and protecting rights in online and offline ecosystems, participation and multistakeholderism online and offline.