Nestface: the use of live facade modules to maintain biodiversity
Daria Klimova a graduate of the international master's program ‘Prototyping future cities’ created the ‘Nestface’ project under the guidance of the Shukhov Lab leading expert Elena Mitrofanova. The study aims to rethink nature in the city.
Human being plays a significant role in reducing biodiversity especially in cities. One of the reasons for this violation is the complex relationship of a person with the natural environment. Active processes of globalization displace nature from the human environment – the city.
This project is based on the idea of integrating natural biological species into the basic urban context using a parametric system of facade modules. A vertical green wall will support the surrounding ecosystem. First of all, the morphology of the structure is designed to serve birds and insects, which are the main eco-drivers in the city.
Swallows, swifts, sparrows often nest in secluded places of high-rise buildings. They easily tolerate anthropogenic stress and help not only restore the ecosystem, but also destroy insects harmful to humans.
Distributing modules over a wall surface is a parametric task. To do this, climate analysis is performed, and the resulting wall map is converted into a grid of modules of three typologies: a green module, an open socket, and a closed socket. To maintain such a system, the project uses an automatic water supply, depending on the readings of soil moisture. This approach makes possible the autonomous existence of the system without the active participation of people. In winter, the green part of the system exists in suspended animation, and birds continue to nest in closed modules.
The Nestface will provide the basis for ecosystem functioning, and birds and insects will diversify the façade. Also, with the help of a wall covered with greenery, it is possible to improve air quality and reduce the harmful effects of urban transport and production.
The urban environment can and should become a habitat not only for people, but also for other biological species. The non-interface project can serve as the basis for conscious interaction with the ecosystem and the establishment of strong ties between human being and nature.
At the same time, the project plays an important educational role. Adults and children will be able to observe wildlife at home, from a window or a balcony of their apartment.
Academic supervisor: Elena Mitrofanova