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How can 5G improve life quality in rural territories and residential areas?

The graduate of ‘Prototyping future cities’ Master’s programme Pablo Goldin (Mexico)  developed a concept of 5G mobile cell which solves problems of residential areas and rural territories caused by isolation. The strategy for life quality improvements was based on the analysis of The Biryulyovo Zapadnoe District (Moscow) and The Bolshaya Tikhaya Village (Altay) problems.

How can 5G improve life quality in rural territories and residential areas?

5G is a technology that can be used in ‘smart city’ development, because it can process huge amounts of data extremely fast. It allows sharing of information from autonomous cells which are used for different purposes: health and public security, public services, education. For example, 5G cells are used for health security during the pandemic: it tracks infected citizens. The situation with COVID-19 demands technological decisions for remote options that address health and economical issues. 

However, implementation of 5G technologies in cities face obstacles:

  • Social resistance.
    Global protests against microcells antennas happened because of privacy, security and health concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is associated with conspiracy theories.Outstanding cases happened in the United Kingdom. 

  • The high costs of infrastructure.
    5G towers and other facilities need a rather large budgeting. In conditions of global economic crisis it is a challenge.

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Rural and suburb isolation

The problem of peripheral territories marginalization and limited access to essential life resources was highlighted by the pandemic.The main reason is a lack of communication tools creating opportunities for remote options. It is caused by telecommunication companies behavior: suburban and rural areas commonly avoided by them due to lack of clients density. 

Rural and suburban territories have a new potential to become ‘smart territories’ because of the new 5G urban management. It is a chance for improvement of life quality for suburb and rural dwellers.

How can it be solved by telecommunication?

Pablo Goldin proposes to create the new type of mobile network that forces cooperation among users.

‘Hybrid Telecom’ is a decentralized autonomous organization in which buildings through their land use perform as nodes. It captures and distributes socioeconomic values to increase the presence of the network is proposed as a strategy to combine the development of the network and the development of the territory.

Marginalised suburb

  • Change of residential area status.
    Remote options for work and local business reduce commuting to the city center. It changes the district concept from residential to mixed usage.

  • Cooperative investment.
    The system uses blockchain for users communication, trading, and services sharing. It generates personal cryptocurrency: ‘Telecoin’. So, an opportunity for cooperative investment is provided by ‘Hybrid Telecomm’.

project 'Hybrid Models' presentation

Rural area

  • Remote essential services.
    Health, educational and trading options will become available for more rural dwellers. It improves quality of life, consequently the territory seems more attractive for new inhabitants.

  • Automated agriculture.
    Autonomous vehicles can be developed for remote agriculture work; also remote technology will ease trading. Transparency of blockchain technology builds trust among users.

  • Cooperative investment.
    The same system as proposed one for suburbs: cooperative models options for trading and investment systems using cryptocurrency: ‘Telecoin’.

‘Hybrid Telecomm’ in Russia

Pablo Goldin s implemented ‘Hybrid Telecomm’ model  for two territories: suburb  the Biryulyovo Zapadnoe District in Moscow and rural territory The Bolshaya Tikhaya Village in the Soleshensky District (the Altay Territory).

The Biryulyovo Zapadnoe District

Problem: connectivity issues and a large industrial zone.

Proposed solution is complex and includes different tools for reconstruction of the district concept. Infrastructure needed includes macro cell towers for mass coverage; femtocell and microcell devices for smaller coverage.

  • For improvement of local business management automated retailment was proposed on the example TK Biryuza (Macrocell).

  • For decentralization of citizens’ work from city center to the district: domestic Internet of Things (that connects all parts of districts) and Remote labour (Femtocell). 

  • For local communication: coworking place K7 Building Rooftop (Microcell).

презентация проекта 'Hybrid Models'

The Bolshaya Tikhaya Village

Problem: lack of public services and the absence of a school teacher limit the village inhabitants quality of life; another issue – options needed for agriculture work optimization. The same infrastructure needed: macro cell towers for mass coverage; femtocell and microcell devices for smaller coverage.

  • Remote education, health and culture services were proposed for life quality improvement (Microcell).

  • For resource optimization, the creation of macro cell tower for agriculture energy and water was offered (Macrocell).

  • For remote agricultural labour the concept of autonomous vehicles was developed (Femtocell).

  • For better communication among remote workers, coworking space was proposed as the solution (Microcell).

Would you like to dive deeper into Pablo’s research?

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