Exploring Eurasian Sovereignty through the Lens of Kazan
On Monday, March 19, Jane Burbank, Professor of History and Russian and Slavic Studies at New York University, delivered a lecture entitled ‘Eurasian Sovereignty: The Case of Kazan’ at the Department of History and the Centre for Historical Research at HSE St. Petersburg.
Delivered as part of the ‘Boundaries of History’ research seminar chaired by Professor Alexander Semyonov, Professor Burbank’s lecture focused on how from 1917 through the present, sovereignty has repeatedly been recovered and reconfigured in Kazan and its hinterlands as the area was transferred from one complex polity to another. The frequent renegotiation of authority over multiple and redefinable units of political and economic control, rather than stability of institutions, has kept the political class engaged in the reproduction of both the state and Eurasian sovereignty regime.
Professor Burbank has been teaching Russian history since she received her Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1981. In addition to her professorship at New York University, during her career, she has also served as a visiting professor at Berlin’s Humboldt University and the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris.
‘My interest in Russia began at my university where I studied Russian literature’, she said in an interview with the HSE News Service following her lecture. ‘Later, I enrolled in a Master’s programme at Harvard in “Soviet studies” and discovered that I loved doing research on real although dead people — that is, history!’
Her books include Empires in World History: Power and the Politics of Difference (2010), co-authored with Frederick Cooper, and Russian Peasants Go to Court: Legal Culture in the Countryside, 1905-1917 (2004). The latter publication focuses on one of the most striking things Professor Burbank has found in her research, which is that Russian peasants used the imperial courts massively, which ran counter to the notion that they existed ‘outside the law’.
‘The lowest level courts were used voluntarily by Russian subjects; hence, there was indeed “Russian law” at work, even if the elites thought that the peasants did not understand what law was’, she said. As for the relationship between law and citizenship in the Russian Empire, which has also been the focus of Professor Burbank’s research, she says that the main difference with western Europe is that sovereignty in Russia has not been vested in the ‘people’; rather, it has belonged to the rulers.
Her visit to HSE St. Petersburg is the latest in a long working relationship with scholars from HSE, including Alexander Semyonov, whom she has known for many years, and Tatiana Borisova, with whom she has worked for the past three years.
Professor Burbank’s ability to read and speak Russian has enabled her conduct primary research in Russian archives and libraries over the course of her career, although she remains modest about her language abilities.
‘I speak and read Russian, although certainly not perfectly. I had to study in the US; when I went to the university it was impossible for students to study language in the USSR’, she said, noting that she reads Russian fiction to keep her language skills up. ‘Of recent literature, I like Lyudmila Ulitskaya; students might like her Sonechka’.
Anna Chernyakhovskaya, specially for HSE News service
This September, 16 German students spent three weeks exploring the political and cultural space of St. Petersburg during the Summer School ‘The Topography of Imperial Power’ organized by the HSE Department of History in cooperation with the Department of the History of Eastern Europe (Georg-August University of Göttingen).
The increasing application of law in various spheres of life in the Russian empire promoted trade regulation and influenced everyday trade practices—even in remote regions. Tradespeople, in turn, tried to limit the application of new regulations while using laws to serve their own interests. HSE University has hosted a seminar on trade in Siberia in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries.
HSE University researchers Feodor Uspenskij and Anna Litvina studied the notes of Georg Tectander, a diplomat of the Holy Roman Empire, and discovered the exact date of birth of Tsar Boris Godunov: August 2 (Julian calendar) or August 12 (Gregorian calendar). The scholars then verified and confirmed this date with other 17th-century sources. The results of the study are presented in a paper published in the Studi Slavistici journal (Florence, Italy), and in a follow-up paper to be published by the same journal at the end of the year.
Mapping Empire and Environment in Siberia: International Laboratory ‘Russia’s Regions in Historical Perspective’ Hosts Erika Monahan
How does an American researcher become interested in the history of enterprise in Siberia? Does knowing Alaska give one a good understanding of the Siberian temperament? If there is one book that provides a good history of Russia, what is it? HSE News Service asked these and other questions to Erika Monahan, Associate Professor of History at the University of New Mexico, who recently gave a talk at the seminar of the HSE International Laboratory ‘Russia’s Regions in Historical Perspective’
Established in Russia under Peter the Great and bestowed upon Catherine I who became its supreme head, the Order of Saint Catherine, or the ‘Order of Liberation’ (‘Orden osvobozhdeniia’), was the first order in Russia to be awarded to women. This small sliver of Petrine era history, as Professor Igor Fedyukin demonstrates in his new research, reveals the monarch’s wife’ serious political ambitions. Professor Fedyukin discusses how the history of the ‘ladies’ order’ reflects the former mistress’s plans to elevate her status and change the line of succession to the throne in her children’s favor.
Anthony John Heywood, Chair in History at the School of Divinity, History and Philosophy, (University of Aberdeen), recently took part in the international conference ‘Russia in the First World War’, which was organized by the HSE’s International Centre for the History and Sociology of World War II and its Consequences and took place on June 3-5, 2014. He spoke with the HSE news service about his interests in weather, Russia’s railways, the study of history in today’s society, as well as his impressions of collaborating with Russian colleagues.
Departing Cal Poly Professor Discusses Her Research Interests and Impressions of and Hopes for the HSE
Visiting Professor Elise Kimerling Wirtschafter of California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, is spending this semester teaching in the HSE’s Department of History. Before departing Moscow later this month, she kindly agreed to give an interview to the HSE News Service.
Professor Kenneth Pinnow:'These summer programmes are important for promoting global understanding and individual growth'
Kenneth Pinnow, Associate Professor of History from the University of Pittsburgh has been specializing in the history of Soviet Union and Russia for a nearly three decades. His current research interests are medical ethics and human experimentation in Russia and the USSR andearly Soviet criminology. He shared his impressions on the Summer School organized jointly with the Faculty of History of the HSE Saint-Petersburg Campus.
On the 19th of March at a meeting organised by the HSE and the Liberal Mission Foundation in the series “More important than politics”, the writer Grigory Chkhartishvili, better known as Boris Akunin, author of the world famous novels about Russian detective Erast Fandorin, disclosed his ambitious new project to write a history of the Russian state.
Budnitskii O. Russian Jews between the Reds and the Whites, 1917-1920. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012
In ‘Russian Jews Between the Reds and the Whites, 1917-1920’ Oleg Budnitskii provides the first comprehensive historical account of the role of Jews in the Russian Civil War.