Nikolai Pavlenko, a shadow entrepreneur and creator of a successful business in Stalin’s USSR, was executed by firing squad in 1955. Running a successful commercial enterprise right under the dictator’s nose in a strictly planned economy was a striking but not so uncommon case in the Soviet Union at the time, according to HSE professor Oleg Khlevniuk who made a number of unexpected findings having studied newly accessible archival documents. Below, IQ.HSE offers a summary of what his study reveals.
In September, Dmitry Abbakumov, Head of the HSE University’s Centre for Psychometrics in eLearning, defended his PhD dissertation on the psychometrics of mass open online courses (MOOCs) at KU Leuven (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium). HSE News Service spoke with Dmitry Abbakumov about his dissertation and its significance for the development of psychometrics in Russia.