New, but Already Successful
On November 25th a reporting conference of the HSE Laboratory for Comparative Social Research (LCSR) on ‘Comparative Sociology in Quantitative Perspective’ was held at the HSE.
The Laboratory was founded in November after the announcement of the winners of the Russian Government’s grant for state support of scientific research conducted under the supervision of leading scientists in Russian universities. Research at the LCSR is carried out under the supervision of Ronald Inglehart, organizer and President of the World Values Survey Association (WVSA), as well as Eduard Ponarin, Professor at the Laboratory, Christian Welzel, Vice President of the WVSA, and Daniil Alexandrov, Leading Research Fellow at the Laboratory and Deputy Director for Research at the HSE Saint Petersburg Branch.
According to Vadim Radaev, First Vice Rector of the HSE, who spoke at the opening session of the conference, this international laboratory is a new experience for the Higher School of Economics. But it is clearly already successful, with research involving both Russian and international researchers, and has attracted many young scientists. The latter fact is particularly satisfying for Ronald Inglehart, as he mentioned in his welcoming speech to conference participants. Eduard Ponarin expressed his gratitude to the HSE administration for their organizational support and emphasized that the LCSR project is particularly relevant because of its focus on development.
During all four plenary sessions, which were concerned with values, subjective wealth and modernization, presentations were made by researchers both from different cities across Russia (Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Krasnoyarsk, Samara) and from other countries (Belarus, Germany, Japan, USA).
At the first plenary session, the group considered various issues related to economic and social aspects of migration from East Asia. Kazuhiro Kumo, Professor at the Hitotsubashi University (Tokyo), gave a presentation on ‘Migrants from Tajikistan and their Deportations to the Motherland: How Poor are Tajik Guest Workers?’ Daniil Alexandrov, Professor at the Saint Petersburg branch of the HSE, spoke about the problems that the children of migrants have when trying to adapt to Russian schools. Olga Kamenchuk, Director for Communications at the Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM), unveiled her view of the well established but still relevant problem of ‘brain drain’, in her presentation entitled ‘Brain Drain: European and Post-Soviet Scenarios’.
For more information about the conference, please visit the LCSR website.
Andrey Shcherbakov, HSE News Service
Photos by Nikita Benzoruk
Advice from Above: Sociologists Have Assessed the Impact that Priests Have on How Their Parishioners Vote
Political preferences of at least 21% of Orthodox voters in Russia may be influenced by the clergy and their fellow believers. Based on an online survey of 2,735 respondents, HSE University sociologists Kirill Sorvin and Maksim Bogachev concluded that religion has a considerable impact on people’s political choices. The scholars assume that the share of those who vote ‘in an Orthodox way’ may be higher: many respondents were under 34, and young people are a minority among Orthodox believers in Russia.
The greatest fear of young women living in big cities is that of sexual violence. It is not necessarily based on the actual crime rate in the city but often instilled by family and society. As a result, women tend to carefully pre-plan their behaviour and movements in 'suspicious' places based on safety concerns. HSE researchers interviewed a group of young women about certain aspects of their fears and strategies they use to deal with it.
Couples with three or more children often feel that others judge or refuse to understand them. Their decision to have many children seems to annoy their extended family, neighbours, colleagues, health professionals and government bureaucrats. Very often, other large families are the only one who offer them support. Based on findings from in-depth interviews, HSE researchers describe the effect that social interactions can have on fertility.
A flexible schedule is one of the main advantages of freelance work. But don’t rejoice in your freedom just yet: self-employment often disrupts the balance between life and work and takes up more time than traditional office work. HSE University researchers Denis Strebkov and Andrey Shevchuk investigated the downsides of independent work.
The main channel for transmitting the value of volunteerism in Russia is from parents to children, HSE University researchers have found. Younger generations in families begin helping others as they grow up, following the example set by their elders.
The way one thinks, feels and acts in certain circumstances can determine career opportunities in terms of employment and pay. For the first time in Russia, Ksenia Rozhkova has examined the effect of personality characteristics on employment.
Inspired by her exchange experience in Moscow during her undergraduate studies, French student Marion Jacquart decided to do her Master’s at the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences in Paris because it has a double degree agreement with HSE University. As she finishes her programme in Comparative Social Research in Moscow, where she has been based for the last year doing research for her Master’s thesis on feminism, she shared her experience and impressions with the HSE News Service.
The HSE Centre for Studies of Income and Living Standards studied the dynamics of the middle class and its behaviour with regard to paid services. The study was based on data drawn from the HSE Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS-HSE) for the years 2000 to 2017, and the results were presented at the 20th April International Academic Conference hosted by HSE.
On March 20, a conference for HSE staff and students will take place at HSE. It will consider the university’s development programme and elect the new Academic Council. The previous conference took place five years ago, in 2014, and the university has changed a lot since then. HSE News Service spoke with some of the university leaders about how their own work at the University has changed over this period.
Anyone moving in a large crowd, absorbed in their phone and yet avoiding collisions, follows certain laws that they themselves create. The movement of individuals as a condition for the movement of masses is the subject of a recent study by Dr. Andrey Korbut.