New, but Already Successful
On November 25th a reporting conference of the HSE Laboratory for Comparative Social Research (LCSR) on ‘Comparative Sociology in Quantitative Perspective’ was held at the HSE.
The Laboratory was founded in November after the announcement of the winners of the Russian Government’s grant for state support of scientific research conducted under the supervision of leading scientists in Russian universities. Research at the LCSR is carried out under the supervision of Ronald Inglehart, organizer and President of the World Values Survey Association (WVSA), as well as Eduard Ponarin, Professor at the Laboratory, Christian Welzel, Vice President of the WVSA, and Daniil Alexandrov, Leading Research Fellow at the Laboratory and Deputy Director for Research at the HSE Saint Petersburg Branch.
According to Vadim Radaev, First Vice Rector of the HSE, who spoke at the opening session of the conference, this international laboratory is a new experience for the Higher School of Economics. But it is clearly already successful, with research involving both Russian and international researchers, and has attracted many young scientists. The latter fact is particularly satisfying for Ronald Inglehart, as he mentioned in his welcoming speech to conference participants. Eduard Ponarin expressed his gratitude to the HSE administration for their organizational support and emphasized that the LCSR project is particularly relevant because of its focus on development.
During all four plenary sessions, which were concerned with values, subjective wealth and modernization, presentations were made by researchers both from different cities across Russia (Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Krasnoyarsk, Samara) and from other countries (Belarus, Germany, Japan, USA).
At the first plenary session, the group considered various issues related to economic and social aspects of migration from East Asia. Kazuhiro Kumo, Professor at the Hitotsubashi University (Tokyo), gave a presentation on ‘Migrants from Tajikistan and their Deportations to the Motherland: How Poor are Tajik Guest Workers?’ Daniil Alexandrov, Professor at the Saint Petersburg branch of the HSE, spoke about the problems that the children of migrants have when trying to adapt to Russian schools. Olga Kamenchuk, Director for Communications at the Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM), unveiled her view of the well established but still relevant problem of ‘brain drain’, in her presentation entitled ‘Brain Drain: European and Post-Soviet Scenarios’.
For more information about the conference, please visit the LCSR website.
Andrey Shcherbakov, HSE News Service
Photos by Nikita Benzoruk
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On October 19, the HSE School of Sociology hosted Dr. Kerstin Jacobsson, Professor of Sociology at the University of Gothenburg (Sweden), for a seminar entitled ‘Emotions and Morality in a neo-Durkheimian Perspective on Social Movements’. Held as part of the International Sociology Seminar Series, Dr. Jacobsson’s talk was based on the book Animal Rights Activism: A Moral-Sociological Perspective on Social Movements (co-authored with Jonas Lindblom), which develops a novel theoretical perspective on social movements. Following her lecture, she spoke with the HSE News Service about some of the key findings in her research on social movements, including as they relate to the post-Soviet space.
Cultural Evolution, a new book by Ronald Inglehart, American sociologist, professor at the University of Michigan and academic supervisor of the HSE Laboratory for Comparative Social Research, is currently being prepared for publication in Russia. Russian readers will be the first to read the prominent scholar's book, as its Russian translation will come out before the American original. The Russian translation of the book has been prepared by the Liberal Mission Foundation and the LCSR.
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High school students intending to pursue vocational education consume alcohol more often than their peers who are planning to go to universities. These findings come from a survey of 1,000 Russian high school students that was carried out as part of a joint research project by scholars from HSE and New York University.
In a conservative society, women as well as men tend to hold sexist attitudes towards other women, treating them with disrespect and criticising them either for being too feminine and sexual or for taking on traditionally 'male' roles. This type of gender bias assumes a limited range of 'female' roles in society. Misogyny and distrust of women's abilities can generate a fear of femininity, according to Olga Savinskaya and Elizaveta Zakharova's paper Using Mixed Methods to Study Internalised Misogyny among Millennial Women.
In Russia, self-estimates of time spent doing housework stand at five hours a day for women and slightly more than three hours a day for men.Men's involvement in household chores is relatively low, but Russian society finds this fair, according to Svetlana Biryukova, Alla Makarentseva and Ekaterina Tretyakova's study 'Perceptions of Time Spent on Housework among Men and Women'.
HSE researchers examined the structure of online communities of Russian AIDS denialists – people who deny the reality of HIV and AIDS – and the manner in which they spread their ideas. The findings are published in American Behavioral Scientist.
Altruism based on individual values is changing Western society. People in Western countries have seen a rise in individualism for quite some time, and this in turn helps to create generations of people with altruistic mindsets. Christian Welzel, Chief Research Fellow in the Laboratory for Comparative Social Research (HSE and Leuphana University of Lüneburg), teamed up with researchers from the University of Lausanne to conduct a study showing the connection between emancipative values and prosocial behaviour. The results of the study were published in the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology.
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