‘We Need to Work on Making Russian Universities More Attractive’
How the pandemic has affected the global system of higher education, how the system will be transformed and what prospects there are for cooperation between Russian and European universities – these were among the issues discussed by representatives of HSE University and other universities, experts and officials at the digital Round Table ‘EU— Russia: New Models of Educational Process Organisation, Novel Education Practices and Internationalisation in the Post-COVID Reality’.
The online round table took place on November 24th. ‘Our educational space is unified globally and, of course, should function in a common system’, - Natalya Trukhanovskaya, Director of the Department for the Coordination of the Activities of Higher Education Organisations of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation said, opening the round table. And, as noted by Markus Ederer, the EU Ambassador to Russia, relations in the field of education are being actively developed, despite ups and downs in other areas. Many bridges have been built, with the main tool being the ‘Erasmus+’ programme, which promotes the internationalisation of education. The Ambassador also noted that the EU allocates 20 million euros per year for cooperation with Russia in this area.
‘There are 130 partners worldwide, but Russia is ranked first, despite the presence of large countries such as China and India; I believe we should be proud of that’, he noted. According to him, since 2015, 23,000 students and teachers have participated in exchange programmes. However, Markus Ederer said that due to administrative difficulties, foreign students weren’t always able to come to Russia for full-time study. He expressed the hope that ‘the generosity shown to Russian students by the European Union will be reflected in the behaviour of the Russian side’.
The German Ambassador to Russia, Géza Andreas von Geyr, also noted that so far there is little reciprocity on the Russian side in terms of admissions to full time studying. He recalled that in 2019 alone, 14,000 Russian students came to his country to study. In contrast, far fewer students went to study in Russia from Germany. The Ambassador expressed his certainty in the need to internalise education and investments in this area, and noted the importance of sharing best practices and solutions in the field of education and research.
Eduard Galazhinskiy, Rector of Tomsk State University, delivering a keynote speech as part of the thread on new challenges for the educational system, during which he reported on the results of a study in which 13 teams from the country’s leading universities, including HSE University, took part. The final report of the study can be found here.
The domestic education system managed to cope with this stress test, said Eduard Galazhinskiy. According to him, the authors noted several important findings, among them the overburdening of teachers, while at the same time the growth of their competencies and the increasing digital literacy of students. There is an obvious shortfall in self-organisation skills in students, especially in the first year, which results in a need for tutorial assistance.
Speaking as an expert, Isak Froumin, Head of HSE University’s Institute of Education, focused on ‘two topics which we believe will determine the general policy of universities in the coming years’. The first is ‘ensuring that student wellbeing is taken care of’. We used to think of universities as ‘institutions that give students useful skills’, but today, as research has shown, stressful situations have revealed the difficulties experienced by many students, including psychological ones. It is not for nothing that many universities have set up counselling centres.
Wellbeing is becoming an important independent function of a university, which should be reflected in its structure and possibly with hotel funding
The second topic is that universities now rely on students being independent, but students are not always ready for that. ‘We conducted not only a large-scale survey in March and May involving tens of thousands of students, but also in-depth interviews with them. The students admitted that they struggle to organise themselves, and they find it difficult to plan. They expect universities to support them in developing this skill’, said Isak Froumin.
Mikhail Akim, Professor of HSE University’s Graduate School of Business, Board member of the Association of European Business (AEB), spoke about the kind of demands business makes on the education system. First, there should be consolidation of competencies. There cannot be a million perfect courses and thousands of good schools. Instead, there should be centres where skills and knowledge are cultivated; on the basis of such centres it is essential to create entire ecosystems, says Mikhail Akim. As an example, he mentioned ‘St Pete’s Polytech (Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University), where expertise in the field of digital knowledge and engineering were created’. In his opinion, HSE University is also becoming such a centre.
The next thing is inclusivity. Centres established in capital cities should spread knowledge into the regions. The next point is that technologies change very quickly, they need to be studied in the structures of business education, says the HSE University Professor: ‘I believe that a business school should integrate technological disciplines for its students’.
He also noted the importance of the ‘green agenda’ (and the role of higher education here should be more significant), as well as soft skills. ‘I see students coming here with excellent hard skills, they are great at counting,’ he says, ‘but they should also understand the market, its criteria, which means they also need soft skills and to be more creative.
Ivan Prostakov, HSE University Vice Rector, gave a presentation on the topic of academic mobility. According to him, academic mobility is one of the key benefits of educational cooperation between Russia and the EU. ‘First of all, I would like to understand the scale of mobile cooperation’, said the Vice Rector. However, that is not easy, according to him, as there are not enough sources and the data is scattered. Based on statistics provided by the Russian office of the ‘Erasmus+’ programme, we can conclude that, in recent years, mobility within the programme has steadily increased — both for those who went to study in EU countries and for those who came from Europe to Russian universities. HSE University data also shows a steady increase in exchange traffic before the pandemic, though no longer within the ‘Erasmus+’ framework, but directly between universities.
‘Erasmus’ statistics immediately show a clear gap between the mobility of Russian students and European students coming to us, and the balance is not in our favour.
Ivan Prostakov named two factors as the reasons for this situation.
It is necessary to think about the information field that is developing in Europe, about negative stereotypes about Russia, including among students. In addition, it is necessary to work on an academic proposal, on how to make Russian universities more attractive
‘Erasmus+’ annual reports for 2016-2018 also show that the geographical core remained constant on both sides. Russian students travel mainly to Germany, France, Italy; and students come to us in Russia from those same countries.
The pandemic came as a shock to educational mobility programmes around the world. At the same time, HSE University has been able to launch alternatives. For example, an online student project with the participation of French partners, aimed at solving business issues, was developed at the HSE University St Petersburg and implemented in April-May. Over the summer, a traditional summer school was held at HSE University, attended by over 40 students from 20 countries. Special programmes of virtual mobility were prepared, and ’60 European students are now studying on these programmes, while another 11 came, but are now studying online’, says the Vice Rector.
He emphasises that universities have mastered new tools, and virtual mobility is not now regarded solely as a temporary measure. ‘We need to think about how we can use this experience when the situation returns to normal’, Ivan Prostakov believes.
It has a number of advantages, including its relative cheapness. But it still requires support, including financial support, for example, to develop new courses. An important point to consider is that we need a regulatory framework; we need to establish the legal status of a virtual student. The main downside is the impossibility of immersing students in a cultural, linguistic and academic environment, the very reasons why many seek to participate in these programmes. Moreover, not all universities are able to quickly transition online, which complicates international cooperation.
Times of Crisis and Opportunity is the title of the OECD Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Outlook published in January. The document focuses on STI responses to the pandemic while assessing the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on science and technology. Mikhail Gershman, Deputy Director of the Centre of Science, Technology, Innovation and Information Policy, discusses the contribution of the Institute of Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (ISSEK) to the Outlook and discusses some aspects of ISSEK’s long-standing partnership with OECD.
More than a hundred countries have already declared that they see achieving ‘zero emissions with the exception of absorption’ as their main goal in fighting climate change. For Russia, a country that receives significant income from the export of fossil energy resources, the global rejection of hydrocarbons poses great risks. Experts discussed the issue at the research seminar ‘Decarbonization as a Global Trend: Changing the Economic Landscape and Its Importance for Companies’, which was jointly organized by HSE University and the Association of European Businesses.
Professor Oleg Melnikov is among the international professors invited to work remotely with HSE University’s students this academic year. He lives in California, runs the Data Science department at a company in Palo Alto, and teaches at Stanford and other universities in the United States. At HSE University he teaches a course on machine learning for the students of the Faculty of Computer Science and the International College of Economics and Finance (ICEF), as well as a university-wide optional course, ‘Machine Learning in Python’. He spoke about his work in an interview with the HSE News Service.
Pasha Andreyanov, Assistant Professor in the Department of Theoretical Economics at HSE University and Tomasz Sadzik, Assistant Professor of Economics at University of California, have described a mechanism that allows the stock market to remain relatively calm despite the growing influence of retail investors. Their joint article, 'Robust Mechanism Design of Exchange', was published in the Review of Economic Studies, one of the top 5 academic journals in economics and finance.
Dean Fantazzini, Deputy Head of the Department of Econometrics and Mathematical Methods in Economics at Moscow School of Economics in Moscow State University and Visiting Scholar at the HSE ICEF, was the first foreigner to defend his DSc thesis at HSE University. We spoke with Dean Fantazzini about his research and cooperation with HSE.
Students need digital skills, both in life and in their future work. But many universities are not yet ready to provide students with them, despite the current circumstances in which universities have had to transition to online learning due to the COVID-19 epidemic. The development of online formats has been uneven: there are bright leaders and the rest modestly ‘stand aside’. They lack resources, confidence in digital education, and a regulatory framework. At the eSTARS International Conference organised by HSE University in partnership with Coursera, experts discussed the challenges of digitalisation in higher education.
eSTARS 2020, the international education conference organized by HSE University in partnership with the global educational platform Coursera, reached its conclusion on December 2. This year, which marked the annual event’s 3rd meeting, the conference was held entirely online for the first time.
Representatives of governmental bodies and international organizations joined BRICS experts to discuss anti-corruption education at a roundtable that took place on December 1 as a videoconference. Representatives of HSE university participated in the event organization and the discussion itself.
The 2020 eSTARS conference, organized by HSE University in partnership with the global educational platform Coursera, has commenced. For the first time in its history, the event is being held entirely online. At the plenary session and the first panel session, representatives of the world's leading universities, their associations, and educational platforms spoke about the role of digitalization in the development of higher education, the impact of the pandemic on education, and new approaches to how teachers and students can interact.
Edmond W.H. Lee, a full professor at the Department of Mathematics, Nova Southeastern University, USA, has recently defended his Doctor of Sciences (DSc) thesis at the Dissertation Council in Mathematics, HSE University. The DSc in Russia is a higher doctoral degree that can be earned after the PhD. Professor Lee’s defence was held over Zoom, with the candidate and his dissertation committee members participating remotely from 5 cities in Brazil, Israel, Russia, and the USA. Lee became the first international recipient of a DSc degree in Mathematics from HSE University.