HSE Urban Specialists Create New Profession
Staff and students of HSE Vysokovsky Graduate School of Urbanism discussed the prospects for the development of Urban Studies at HSE and in Russia at a meeting with the university’s senior management.
Why does HSE need Urban Studies?
Rector Yaroslav Kuzminov said that HSE has developed to become what is in the English-speaking world seen as a ‘comprehensive university’. The HSE has been expanding its remit beyond economics, to engineering, physics, and life sciences. The university was created on the initiative of a group of academics, and its growth continues to be generated by academics’ initiatives, the Rector stressed. That is what happened with Urban Studies specialists, who are to establish their own academic discipline, while also engaging with society, implementing applied projects and interacting with colleagues from other faculties. This collaboration is not limited to joint research. The rector suggested that the staff of the Graduate School of Urbanism consider holding a Road Show at HSE, that would enable students and teachers from other schools and faculties to learn about the opportunities for working with Urban Studies specialists.
Will Urban Studies become its own profession?
In creating the HSE Graduate School of Urban Studies, founder and first dean Alexander Vysokovsky sought to reflect the fact that urban research and development can no longer be limited to traditional disciplines such as architecture and urban development. ‘Essentially, we’re talking about the creation of a new profession,’ the current Dean Alexei Novikov said. ‘One that represents a synthesis of classical urban development with a wide variety of different subject areas: urban economics, urban sociology, work with spontaneous data generated by the urban environment, among others.’ However, lists of contemporary Russian professions and specialisms do not include urban studies. No professional or educational standards for urban studies have been developed to date. Much of the discussion focused on how this can best be corrected.
Back in the late 1980s, there was the Union of Soviet Urban Studies Specialists, noted director of the Institute for Transport Economics and Transport Policy Studies at HSE Mikhail Blinkin. But it ceased to exist in 1991, and urban studies specialists were again lumped in with architects. ‘That is how we came to have the situation we see today, where there is not seen as being any distinction between urban studies specialists, urban development specialists and architects.’
This issue should not be exaggerated, but nor should it be underestimated, Academic Supervisor of the School Nadezhda Kosareva, noted. ‘This debate is not only being had within the education system, but also in decision-making circles’ she said. ‘The battle to have a role in city management is raging at all levels.’ In order to win official recognition, urban studies specialists must institutionalize themselves, for example by setting up an association, and by developing their own standards, as well as by presenting the academic results of their work, Yaroslav Kuzminov said.
What has already been achieved?
In the five years of its existence, Graduate School of Urbanism has achieved significant successes in education and research, Alexei Novikov said. In 2016, along with the now-traditional MA programme 'Urban Development and Spatial Planning', the School has launched a joint programme with Strelka Institute in Advanced Urban Design, which combines a research-based approach typically seen in university education with a project-media-based segment of the type Strelka is known for. There are a number of different research groups and laboratories operating under the Graduate School of Urbanism including a Laboratory of Urban Field Research with a Сentre for the Analysis of Spatial Data, and a Laboratory of Advocacy Planning. The School hopes that this laboratory will help the idea of planning advocacy (professional representation for the interests of different groups in the urban planning process) develop into an institution.
Under the auspices of the former chief-architect of Barcelona, Vicente Guallart, an international Laboratory for Experimental Urban Design has been set up, with the hope that it will become a ‘magnet’ for Russian and international students and researchers. Guallart also plans to set up a ‘fab lab’ and observation programme covering the city and technology rooted in the principle of ‘learning by doing’.
In 2016, the School launched a new journal ‘Urban Studies and Practices’. The Graduate School of Urbanism will continue to develop its broader educational projects: public lectures on Wednesdays in the Dostoyevsky Library, a school for prospective students, and presentations delivered as part of architecture and urban studies biennales (this year to be held in Rotterdam and Venice).
The Graduate School of Urbanism is one of the youngest sections at the university, not only by the date on which it was founded but also judging by the average age of its staff – the majority of whom are under 30.
On July 17-28 an intensive course titled ‘In-transition lab: Structure as an Urban Catalyst’ by the Vysokovsky Graduate School of Urbanism (Moscow) and the Architectural Association School of Architecture (London) was held at Moscow’s Shukhov lab.
The HSE School of Cultural Studies has designed a museum dedicated to the Soviet-era apartment complexes called Khrushchyovka buildings. The plans of the museum were presented at a meeting held by the Russian Ministry of Culture in Tsarskoye Selo. Under the guidance of cultural studies Associate Professor Irina Gluschenko, undergraduate and post-graduate students began working on the project long before the topic of citywide building renovation became part of public discussion in Moscow.
Vysokovsky Graduate School of Urbanism at HSE is regularly holding events and activities open to the general public. Deputy Dean Vera Leonova told The HSE Look about the goals of such open projects, benefits of collaborations and future plans of the school.
The new academic journal is entitled ‘Urban Studies and Practices’. The first issue came out this September. Now a call for papers for special issue on Migrants and the City has been announced. The deadline for submissions is January 31, 2017.
Shukhov Lab, a Laboratory for Experimental Urban Design, has opened at HSE. Participants in a roundtable discussion dedicated to the laboratory’s opening agreed that to create the cities of the future, the present must be analyzed without adjusting to the forecasts.
The HSE Graduate School of Urbanism opens a Laboratory for Experimental Urban Design. At first, it will organize lectures and meetings with experts in urbanism, and in the new academic year, the laboratory will become an educational and research platform. But you can already meet it now – the Open Day will take place on December 15, 2016.
In 2017, the HSE Vysokovsky Graduate School of Urbanism is debuting its English-language master’s programme City and Technology. The programme is based on the idea of learning by doing, and it is open to students from all over the world. In an interview with the HSE News Service, Vicente Guallart, who is the Academic Supervisor of the Laboratory for Experimental Urban Design, former Chief Architect of Barcelona City Council, and head of the City and Technology programme, discusses exactly how the new master’s programme will work.
This summer five students from the HSE Vysokovsky Graduate School of Urbanism participated in the second summer school Les Ateliers d’Eté, organized by the French-Russian platform D’est and the Graduate School of Urbanism in Paris and Limoges.
Rotterdam, Moscow, Venice. Graduate School of Urbanism at the World’s Largest Architecture Exhibitions
In April and May, the Graduate School of Urbanism (GSU) took part in three of the largest architecture biennales, held in Rotterdam, Moscow, and Venice. The exhibitions presented the results of independent research carried out by the School, student projects, and the results of an international student workshop organized by GSU.
International Laboratory for Experimental Urban Design has recently opened at the Vysokovsky Graduate School of Urbanism. It will be headed by Vicente Guallart, a Spanish urbanist, chief architect for the city of Barcelona in 2011-2015, who will be joining HSE shortly. Mr. Guallart has talked to the HSE News Service about what the laboratory will do, what the Advanced Urban Design master’s programme, the principle of learning by doing, and the application of technology in the city life.