‘Now I Will Pursue a Future Career in Space’
During the ‘Big Challenges’ session at the Sirius Educational Centre, five high school students, under the supervision of mentors from MIEM HSE, assembled a small artificial earth satellite. The participants of the research session were young finalists of a nationwide competition held by the educational centre. All five of the students are Olympiad champions and team members of large-scale projects.
The students prepared for the session under the tutelage of Dmitrii Abrameshin, a leading engineer at the Laboratory of Space Vehicles and Systems’ Functional Safety. He notes that the three-unit CubeSat created by students is of great practical value.
CubSats are used for studying the earth’s magnetic fields and radiation belts, space exploration, remote sensing, and other space missions
In order to accomplish the task, the team began preparing in advance. Employees of the same Laboratory, Polina Krivorotova, a fourth year student, and Artemy Kosinov, a MIEM alumnus, helped the students master the difficult material. Before the start of the session, university tutors conducted webinars about what CubeSats are, what they do, what kinds of spacecraft there are, and what needs to be considered when designing them.
Polina notes that she herself had to learn a lot of new things. ‘Participating in this project was not only a challenge for the high school students, but for us, the mentors, as well.’ At the same time, the students’ ideas and new solutions that they brought to the table served as inspiration. ‘The students we worked with are very bright, open to new ideas, and not afraid of challenges. Instead, they take them on with enthusiasm,’ says the MIEM student.
During the session, Polina and Artemy helped the students with the calculations and identifying the best ways to bring their ideas to life. Artemy Kosinov praised the experience as being extremely beneficial to the young researchers.
Engineer, Laboratory of Space Vehicles and Systems’ Functional Safety
Something New and Interesting for Everyone
During the session, the students, under the guidance of tutors from HSE University, achieved no small feat: they assembled an apparatus, figured out how a remote sensing camera works, completed the post-processing of captured images, and created 3D models. In addition, they made a lot of calculations. Everyone mastered something new. Andrei Petrov, for example, gained valuable knowledge in information technology: ‘I learned how to use the Linux operating system, automate workflows with scripts, write system services in C, use multithreading in applications, and work with low-level Linux interfaces,’ he says. Nikolay Kuznetsov improved social skills: ‘I managed to hone a large number of soft-skills: I learned how to work in a team, to allocate time, and I realized how important it is to know how to present my project — I still need to work on this. In addition, I began to model better in SolidWorks. And I know how to use Photoshop now, too.’ Anatoly Antonov learned a lot about the space industry and how satellites work: ‘This project was an invaluable experience for me and everyone who worked with us.’ And Darina Tkacheva admitted that the ‘Big Challenges’ helped her determine her life goal: ‘This project gave me a dream! Now I will pursue a future career in space.’
At the ‘Big Challenges’ session, HSE University was represented not only by the MIEM team. Natalya Kiselnikova, Visiting Lecturer at the School of Psychology, served as supervisor for a cognitive research project that focused on identifying personality predictors of depression. Project participants developed a new skill for Alisa, Yandex's voice assistant. ‘The students created communication scenarios involving users of social networks. These scenarios that they developed allow you to undergo psychological diagnostics in a fun way,’ says Natalya Kiselnikova. The advantage of these tests is that you can interview a large number of people in a short amount of time.
The Innovation Workshop that opened at MIEM HSE has everything you might need to create an engineering project: from numerically controlled machines to a soldering station. Creativity is more than welcome at this lab. The heads of the workshop, Sergey Belanov and Alexander Semion, gave HSE News Services a guided tour of the lab.
The results of recent study conducted by the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, the agency’s automatic interplanetary station, show the existence of a ‘permafrost’ near the poles of the Moon with a relatively high content of water ice (up to 5% by weight). It is believed that water ice could supply a life support system for the future Russian Lunar Station and that it could also produce hydrogen-oxygen fuel for flights into deep space.
Researchers from the Higher School of Economics and Space Research Institute (Russia) have calculated the main parameters that determine space weather close to the nearest Earth-like exoplanet, Proxima Centauri b. Such parameters include solar wind, as well as galactic and solar cosmic rays. The results of the research were published in Astronomy Letters.
The big scanning antenna at the Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory logs almost 90 GB of data every day. The data are usually processed by the astronomers manually. Vladimir Samodurov and Alexander Gorbunov, researchers at the HSE Faculty of Business and Management, decided to relieve the scholars from this hard work and give this job to neural networks. They shared the results of their work in the paper ‘Perspectives of intellectual processing of large volumes of astronomical data using neural networks’.
Researchers from the Laboratory of Methods for Big Data Analysis (LAMBDA) at the Higher School of Economics have improved their way of analyzing ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR) with the use of mobile phones. The work has been carried out as part of the CRAYFIS experiment and the results were presented at the 22nd International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics.
The Higher School of Economics is welcoming its first class of students to the Faculty of Physics. The new faculty is unique in that it fosters a close relationship between education and science. At the Space Research Institute, for instance, future master’s students will create devices to study space plasma, analyse data from satellites, and learn to determine space weather.
HSE’s Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics has opened a university Microsatellite Flight Control Center. Its main goal is to offer students practical experience with small space devices that work in near-earth orbits. It was created jointly with the company Sputniks.
At the end of July, Professor Andrey Tyutnev of HSE’s Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics (MIEM) became the only Russian presenter at the13th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference organized in California under the auspices of NASA. Professor Tyutnev presented two reports prepared with colleagues from the Higher School of Economics and the Lavochkin Research and Production Association.
How dangerous are asteroids for the Earth? What technologies can we use to protect the planet? These and other questions were discussed at a two-day seminar ‘The Solar System and the Asteroid Threat’ at HSE MIEM.
On September 11-13, 2013, an international seminar “The Solar System and the Asteroid Threat” will take place at the HSE. Mark Boslough, Professor at the University of New Mexico and a member of the technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories, and Roberto Furfaro, Professor at the University of Arizona and the head of the Space Systems Engineering Laboratory, will speak on the issues. The event is being organized by the Research Laboratory of Space Research, Technologies, Systems, and Processes at the HSE. Mark Boslough gave a special interview to the HSE news service.