World War II in China — Seriously Understudied History
On 22 January, 2016 Judd Kinzley, Assistant Professor at the Department of History, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA gave a presentation, ‘Wartime Atrocities and the Historical Legacies of World War II in China’at the academic seminar of the HSE International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences.
In this talk Assistant Prof. Kinzley sought to understand the long term legacies of Japan's war in China by thinking about the shifting ways in which punishment and reparations have been pursued by various Chinese governments. Beginning with a description of Japan's atrocities and its war effort in China, the talk continued with the immediate post war pursuit of war criminals, the changes to that policy brought about by the Cold War and the ways that memories of the war continue to be shaped and manipulated by leaders in the People's Republic today.
Judd Kinzley says that, ‘In the context of China, World War II is really understudied.’ Why it is understudied and the role that memories of the war have had in shaping modern China was the focus of his talk. ‘I think that so much more work remains to be done on the experience of China at war,’ explains Kinzley. ‘ The most impressive thing for me about the war is just how little the war was talked about in China from 1950 to 1985. In a war in which perhaps 35 million Chinese died, the fact that it was talked about so little for nearly all of the second half of the 20th century is quite shocking to me.’
The most impressive thing for me about the war is just how little the war was talked about in China from 1950 to 1985. In a war in which perhaps 35 million Chinese died, the fact that it was talked about so little for nearly all of the second half of the 20th century is quite shocking to me
Judd Kinzley is an expert in the history of modern China. His research interests include environmental history, state power, industrial development, and wartime mobilization. Russia, he explains, has come into his field of research through his interest in China, ‘The Soviet Union was the main supporter of China in the early years following the Japanese invasion. We tend to think of the US as being China's main ally during the war, but this was not the case until December of 1942. In fact, Soviet military aid and the efforts of Red Army pilots kept China in the war in 1937, 1938, 1939, and 1940.’
This is Judd’s first trip to Moscow and he hopes to develop the connection he has made with HSE through Liudmila Novikova to whom he was introduced by a colleague back in Wisconsin who heard he was organising a research trip to Moscow. Judd hasn’t had much time to look around, ‘I have spent most of my time in the RGAE, the Russian State Economics Archives, which has been a really great experience. I don't have any specific plans for on-going projects but now that I know more about Moscow and the research opportunities available here, I want to try and find more reasons to come back!’
Anna Chernyakhovskaya, specially for HSE News service
On June 24-25, HSE University held the international academic conference, ‘The 1990s: A Social History of Russia’ organized by International Center for the History and Sociology of World World War II and its Consequences, the Boris Yeltsin Center, the Egor Gaider Foundation, and the Friedrich Ebert Foundation. HSE News Service spoke with Roberto Rabbia, one of the international participants, about how he became interested in Soviet history, why he reads Soviet newspapers, and what he has learned from his research.
Martin Beisswenger has been a professor in HSE’s School of History since 2013. Recently, HSE News Service sat down with him to learn about his impressions of Moscow, his research projects, the course he is currently teaching and more.
The Master's Programme ‘Socioeconomic and Political Development of Modern Asia’ gives students the opportunity to study Asian countries not only in theory but in practice, thanks to academic mobility programmes at partner universities in China and other countries. HSE News Service spoke with three students of the programme about three aspects of their experiences—study, communication and food.
Almost 40 teams took part in the ‘Through the pages of Basmania’ quest, organized by the Higher School of Economics as part of an annual citywide event, Library Night. Event participants also staged passages from Romeo and Juliet and attended lectures about theatre at HSE library.
Today, we have moved from the political concept of panem et circenses (bread and circuses) to keep the masses happy to the dangers of culture driven by spectacle and politics driven by algorithms. Post-war theoreticians of the crowd had personal experience of fascism, and today contemporary artists are attempting to address similar problems. During the XX April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development, scheduled this year for April 9-12 at the Higher School of Economics, Sarah Wilson, Professor of Modern and Contemporary Art at the Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London, will explore some of these issues in her presentation 'Culture and Emigration, Crowds and Power.'
Legally, the 1917 revolution solved the gender issue in the Russian academic community. The doors to the profession opened for women, but a ‘glass ceiling’ remained. Ekaterina Streltsova and Evgenia Dolgova studied who it affected and why. This study is the first to present a socio-demographic analysis of the female academic community in Moscow and Leningrad during the early Soviet era.
Dr Anna Whittington is currently a Research Fellow at The International Centre for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences through the end of August 2019. She recently spoke with the HSE News Service about her work on changes in Soviet-era language policy, her thoughts on life in Moscow and how the city has changed, and much more.
Exploring Political and Cultural Space of St Petersburg through the Summer School 'Topography of Imperial Power'
On a grey autumn day, it is always nice to warm up by reliving memories of summer adventures. This year, the balmy weather did not leave our city till mid-October, and a summer mood also lingered at HSE University – St Petersburg with the IV International Summer School 'The Topography of Imperial Power: Political and Cultural Space of Saint Petersburg' which ran from September 11 till October 2, 2018.
London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and HSE University – St Petersburg launch the Paulsen Programme, funded by the Dr Frederik Paulsen Foundation, in order to support historians in Russia who have been working on the period from the mid 17th century to 1918.
Alexandra Kolesnik, Junior Research Fellow and Senior Lecturer at HSE’s Poletayev Institute for Theoretical and Historical Studies in the Humanities recently completed her post graduate studies in History and successfully defended her PhD thesis entitled ‘Historical representations in British popular musical culture of the 1960-1980s’. Here, Alexandra talks about her research into modern pop-culture.