Exploring Growth Patterns in Russia’s Largest Cities
Robert Buckley, a senior fellow in the Graduate Program in International Affairs at The New School in New York City, works largely on issues relating to urbanization in developing countries. At the upcoming XIX April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development, he will be participating a roundtable on Urbanization and Economic Development during which he will give a presentation entitled ‘The Morphology of Large Russian Cities: Patterns and Conjectures’.
During his lecture, Buckley will look at patterns of urban development in Russian cities and compare them with the structure of cities in other parts of the world. The data he uses, including satellite photos, suggest that 13 of Russia's largest cities have unusual and less than optimal structures in terms of supporting economic growth. He will compare this pattern to the pattern observed in Europe, European transition economies, and other countries.
‘We offer a conjecture as to why this pattern occurs, suggesting that it may be due to the difficulties of agreeing how to repurpose or rehabilitate existing buildings’, Buckley said in an interview with the HSE New Service ahead of this year’s conference. ‘This kind of difficulty is referred to as an Anti-Commons problem, a situation in which too many people have too many rights to control over a property so that the property's use is not put to its highest and best use’.
Buckley was invited to present at this year’s April Conference following a paper he recently wrote on housing privatization in Romania and how it has affected the transition process. It was published in The Economics of Transition, a journal published by the European Development Bank. Although this is not his first visit to Russia, it has been a while since he was last here, which was during the 1990s when he was serving as an economist with the World Bank.
Teaching Urban Development
In addition to his research work, Buckley teaches courses on finance, urban economics, and development economics. In recent years, he has become interested in African urban development processes, which has led him to focus on the economics of slums.
‘Many of my students work in developing countries, and as such, their work and interests are quite different from those facing Russian students’, he says, noting that his students at The New School are primarily graduate students studying international affairs who have traveled considerably, for example, through the Peace Corp, an American foreign aid programme that sends mostly younger people to work in developing countries.
‘I have also been teaching a course on African Urban Development at New York University's Abu Dhabi campus’, he says. ‘Those courses are younger, undergraduates with many different majors, including some brilliant Russian students’.
Buckley says he learns a lot from teaching such a wide variety of students, especially as it relates to the ‘hubris of economists and the need to recognize the limitations of what economics can help explain’.
HSE University is pleased to announce the relaunch of its popular webinar series, Megacities of the future 2:0. New Challenges. The series focuses on issuesof modern urban development and is team taught by HSE University professors and lecturers from different faculties. The webinars consider urban developmental issues through the lenses of a range of fields, including Arts and Design, Computer Science, Electronics, Mathematics and Communication Systems, Economics and Management, Urban Studies, and Russian Studies.
The HSE Centre for Studies of Income and Living Standards studied the dynamics of the middle class and its behaviour with regard to paid services. The study was based on data drawn from the HSE Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS-HSE) for the years 2000 to 2017, and the results were presented at the 20th April International Academic Conference hosted by HSE.
Reproductive behavior is modernizing at different rates in post-Soviet countries. Things are changing faster in Russia, Armenia, Georgia and Ukraine, where, over the last fifteen years, the average maternity age has increased and the contribution of women in their thirties to their countries’ birthrates has grown. Meanwhile, old reproductive patterns persist in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where firstborns are usually born to parents under 30, demographers Vladimir Kozlov and Konstantin Kazenin note in a paper delivered at HSE’s XX April International Academic Conference.
More than half of school graduates in medium-sized Russian cities will change their place of residence either forever or at least for a long time. According a report on internal migration presented by HSE demographers at the XX April International Academic Conference, these people are lost to their cities.
As part of the Management session of the XX April International Conference, Carl F. Fey from Aalto University School of Business, Finland, presented his paper on Facilitating Innovation in Companies in Russia: The Role of Organizational Culture. In his talk, Professor Fey spoke about the results of three studies he has been conducting with his team.
How does digital technology affect the behavior and health of schoolchildren? What opportunities does it proved teachers and school administrators? These and other issues were discussed by participants in the plenary session ‘Children’s Wellbeing in the Digital Age’ at the XX April International Scientific Conference of HSE.
Implementing a digital analytical platform, opportunities for Big Data, and other prospects for the development of Russian statistics were discussed by participants at a plenary session of the XX April International Academic Conference.
Dr. Dorothy Espelage (University of Florida) presented a comprehensive account of her research into youth bullying spanning more than two decades in an invited paper ‘Prevention & Intervention of Youth Bullying and other Forms of Youth Aggression: Research Informed Strategies’ at the XX April International Academic Conference.
The role of regional and industrial institutions of higher education in achieving national development goals must increase, and leading universities will help them. This was the conclusion reached by participants of the plenary session on Russian higher education that took place as part of the XX April International Academic Conference.
The plenary session ‘Strategy of Russian Presence at Global Food Markets’ took place as part of HSE University’s XX April International Academic Conference, where participants discussed the prospects for Russian agricultural exports to Asia, as well as the use of nonconventional investment models, such as Islamic financial tools.