• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Mode of life and living standards of Russian population in 1989–2009

Report at the XII International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development, Moscow, 5–7 April, 2011

Mode of life and living standards of Russian population in 1989–2009 [Text] : rep. at XII Intern. acad. conf. on economic and social development, Moscow, 5–7 April, 2011 / G. Andrushchak, А. Burdijak, V. Gimpelson et al. ; gen. sci. supervis. E. G. Yasin ; Nat. Res. Univ. Higher School of Economics. — М. : HSE Publ. House, 2011. — 74 p. — 350 copies. — ISBN 978-5-7598-0892-3 (pbk).

The paper is an attempt to summarize the results of studies performed by scientists of the HSE and the “Expert” Magazine under the joint project to measure changes in welfare of Russian population in 1990–2009. In this work we also involved scientists from the Independent Institution of Social Policy (IISP) and the Institute for Urban Economics. The paper includes a generalization of calculations performed by different methods and aimed at studying various aspects of the change in welfare in specified years. In particular, the change in income levels is examined as well as costs of the

Russian population, physical indicators of consumption including natural indicators of non-market services consumption, the change in housing affordability is estimated, also an attempt is made to construct a certain generalizing indicator of well-being which takes into account all these factors. More detailed papers on selected aspects of the problem are presented additionally.

The paper is presented by the National Research University Higher School of Economics and the“Expert” Magazine

Full text



1. Introduction

2. Methodology

2.1. The study period and statistical limitations

2.2. Three approaches to measure economic well-being and social progress

3. Comparison of the levels and the structure of value indicators

3.1. Method of real money income

3.2. Method based on System of National Accounts (SNA)

3.3. The structure of GDP

3.4. Structure of household income

3.5. The method, based on middle-income purchasing power (“Expert”)

3.6. Subtotal: the assessment of changes in the current household consumption level in Russia over the past 20 years

4. Comparison of natural welfare and lifestyle indicators

4.1. Features of natural indicators analysis

4.2. Foods

4.3. Durables

5. Investments and Services

5.1. Consumption of education services

5.2. Consumption of health care services

5.3. The housing

5.4. Privatization

5.5. Capital formation and cash savings

6. The aggregate index of welfare

7. Labor market

8. Inequality

9. International comparisons of welfare levels

10. Conclusions

See also:

Russia’s Middle Class: Who Are Its Members and How Do They Spend Their Money?

The HSE Centre for Studies of Income and Living Standards studied the dynamics of the middle class and its behaviour with regard to paid services. The study was based on data drawn from the HSE Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS-HSE) for the years 2000 to 2017, and the results were presented at the 20th April International Academic Conference hosted by HSE.

Reproductive Evolution: How Birth Rates Are Changing in Post-Soviet Countries

Reproductive behavior is modernizing at different rates in post-Soviet countries. Things are changing faster in Russia, Armenia, Georgia and Ukraine, where, over the last fifteen years, the average maternity age has increased and the contribution of women in their thirties to their countries’ birthrates has grown. Meanwhile, old reproductive patterns persist in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where firstborns are usually born to parents under 30, demographers Vladimir Kozlov and Konstantin Kazenin note in a paper delivered at HSE’s XX April International Academic Conference.

Live Long There and Prosper: How Internal Migration from Small Towns Works

More than half of school graduates in medium-sized Russian cities will change their place of residence either forever or at least for a long time. According a report on internal migration presented by HSE demographers at the XX April International Academic Conference, these people are lost to their cities.

What Drives Innovation in Russian Companies

As part of the Management session of the XX April International Conference, Carl F. Fey from Aalto University School of Business, Finland, presented his paper on Facilitating Innovation in Companies in Russia: The Role of Organizational Culture. In his talk, Professor Fey spoke about the results of three studies he has been conducting with his team.

‘In a Digital Environment, the Role of Human Teachers Only Becomes More Important’

How does digital technology affect the behavior and health of schoolchildren? What opportunities does it proved teachers and school administrators? These and other issues were discussed by participants in the plenary session ‘Children’s Wellbeing in the Digital Age’ at the XX April International Scientific Conference of HSE.

‘Statistics Should Be Available and Comprehensible to Everyone’

Implementing a digital analytical platform, opportunities for Big Data, and other prospects for the development of Russian statistics were discussed by participants at a plenary session of the XX April International Academic Conference.

Can Youth Bullying Ever Be Eradicated?

Dr. Dorothy Espelage (University of Florida) presented a comprehensive account of her research into youth bullying spanning more than two decades in an invited paper ‘Prevention & Intervention of Youth Bullying and other Forms of Youth Aggression: Research Informed Strategies’ at the XX April International Academic Conference.

‘To Achieve Our Goals, We Need to Involve a Wide Range of Universities in National Projects’

The role of regional and industrial institutions of higher education in achieving national development goals must increase, and leading universities will help them. This was the conclusion reached by participants of the plenary session on Russian higher education that took place as part of the XX April International Academic Conference.

How to Boost Russian Food Exports

The plenary session ‘Strategy of Russian Presence at Global Food Markets’ took place as part of HSE University’s XX April International Academic Conference, where participants discussed the prospects for Russian agricultural exports to Asia, as well as the use of nonconventional investment models, such as Islamic financial tools.

‘The President is Focused on Increasing the Birth Rate and Reducing Poverty by Half’

National objectives for social development, as well as existing risks and opportunities in implementing these objectives were discussed by participants of HSE International April Conference.