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Mode of life and living standards of Russian population in 1989–2009

Report at the XII International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development, Moscow, 5–7 April, 2011

Mode of life and living standards of Russian population in 1989–2009 [Text] : rep. at XII Intern. acad. conf. on economic and social development, Moscow, 5–7 April, 2011 / G. Andrushchak, А. Burdijak, V. Gimpelson et al. ; gen. sci. supervis. E. G. Yasin ; Nat. Res. Univ. Higher School of Economics. — М. : HSE Publ. House, 2011. — 74 p. — 350 copies. — ISBN 978-5-7598-0892-3 (pbk).

The paper is an attempt to summarize the results of studies performed by scientists of the HSE and the “Expert” Magazine under the joint project to measure changes in welfare of Russian population in 1990–2009. In this work we also involved scientists from the Independent Institution of Social Policy (IISP) and the Institute for Urban Economics. The paper includes a generalization of calculations performed by different methods and aimed at studying various aspects of the change in welfare in specified years. In particular, the change in income levels is examined as well as costs of the

Russian population, physical indicators of consumption including natural indicators of non-market services consumption, the change in housing affordability is estimated, also an attempt is made to construct a certain generalizing indicator of well-being which takes into account all these factors. More detailed papers on selected aspects of the problem are presented additionally.

The paper is presented by the National Research University Higher School of Economics and the“Expert” Magazine

Full text



1. Introduction

2. Methodology

2.1. The study period and statistical limitations

2.2. Three approaches to measure economic well-being and social progress

3. Comparison of the levels and the structure of value indicators

3.1. Method of real money income

3.2. Method based on System of National Accounts (SNA)

3.3. The structure of GDP

3.4. Structure of household income

3.5. The method, based on middle-income purchasing power (“Expert”)

3.6. Subtotal: the assessment of changes in the current household consumption level in Russia over the past 20 years

4. Comparison of natural welfare and lifestyle indicators

4.1. Features of natural indicators analysis

4.2. Foods

4.3. Durables

5. Investments and Services

5.1. Consumption of education services

5.2. Consumption of health care services

5.3. The housing

5.4. Privatization

5.5. Capital formation and cash savings

6. The aggregate index of welfare

7. Labor market

8. Inequality

9. International comparisons of welfare levels

10. Conclusions

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