‘I Decided To Get Closer To Where Things Actually Happen’
Interview with Jean Guinet, participant of the XII International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development, who will head the new Laboratory for Science and Technology Studies which was created last year at the HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge.
— Professor Guinet, why did you decide to go for this change in your career, to head an international laboratory at the Higher School of Economics ?
— I have been working for many years as an international public servant, and as a professional economist at the OECD in Paris where for the last few years I headed the OECD’s work on innovation policy particularly regarding the evaluation of national innovation policies. And I thought it was a good time for me to get closer to ground level, where things actually happen: I’ve evaluated these national policies and the national context from some distance, and I thought it was a good opportunity to get some experience from the inside.
Another motivation was that my previous work was at the juncture of research and policy-making and I thought that I’d like to get a bit closer to research and education. So, the context of a research university like the Higher School of Economics seems to me very appropriate given this motivation.
The third motivation was more personal: I knew the reputation of the Higher School of Economics, I knew the work of the Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge led by Professor Gokhberg, because this center has collaborated with the OECD for many years, and I knew this was a very fertile ground for interesting activities. I also believe it is a good time to study innovation policies, since this topic is seen as very important in Russia now by all actors in society from the top level of government down, so I thought this was also a very good moment if I could provide some contribution and transmit some experience through my participation to this laboratory in a situation where the wider environment was very receptive to the work being carried out at the Higher School of Economics.
— What research are you going to conduct in the new Laboratory?
— The first thing is to capitalize on what has been started already. I know that there is a critical mass of very bright, highly motivated people, and my first priority will be to get a better sense of what is going on with that intellectual capital. I know part of it, but I will discover more, learn what has been accumulated and try to help develop it further and give it some more visibility, helping to connect better to the international network of science technology studies, science technology policy-making and adding my own personal contribution where possible.
— What are your impressions of this conference in general?
— I’m quite impressed, first by the format. Usually, conferences which are large are generally not so good. But this is both large and excellent. So I am quite impressed by the fact that it showed the ambition, the prestige and the comprehensiveness of the work of this university, a very important beacon in the higher education system in Russia. I also was very impressed by the range of topics, I was just looking at them and couldn’t find anything missing. And I’ve noted the level of participation, I saw the international opening ceremony with many international speakers invited to talk and give lectures and contribution.
— What have been the most interesting papers on the topic of innovative policy?
— The discussion and the presentations are still going on, and I’ve found most of the presentations interesting. At the session that’s just ended I was fascinated by the mix of general economics and more detailed innovation and science and technology analysis and the bridging of the conceptual and linguistic gaps between science and technology studies and generic economic analysis. I think what has been presented has shown me that this gap has already been narrowed down quite successfully in the Higher School of Economics. And for example, I was very interested to see the discussion on foresight and on the Skolkovo roadmap. I’m interested in the session on energy efficiency, which is undoubtedly a very important topic in Russia given the size of the market for energy and Russia’s importance as a producer with the participation of the U.S., the largest consumer of energy. After the disaster in Japan, discussion is starting up again about energy choices for the future around the world. So I think this subject is very topical, very timely and I’m looking forward to discussing it from the perspective of technology and innovation, what science technology and innovation can bring as a solution to the dilemma we are facing.
Ekaterina Rylko, specially for the HSE News Service
The roundtable "Teaching Economics to High School Students: Curricula, Practices, Competitions" took place as part of the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development. Danil Fedorovykh, Deputy Vice Rector of HSE University and the President of the Executive Board of the International Economics Olympiad (IEO), initiated the session. Alexander Zhitkovskiy, Head of the Project Laboratory for Development of Intellectual Competitions in Economics (Faculty of Economic Sciences, HSE University), was the co-moderator.
The Core of the Nesting Doll: What a Comparison of the April Conference, the World Economic Forum, and the Gaidar Forum Reveals
This year the April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development took place for the twenty-second time, and, for the first time, Sberbank joined HSE University as a co-organizer of the event. Research assistants of the Economic Journalism Laboratory, headed by Nikolay Vardul, analyzed the agenda of the April Conference and compared it with those of other major forums. The findings of the study can be found among the laboratory’s publications.
On April 30, the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development came to a close. This year it was organized jointly by HSE University and Sberbank, and the majority of the events were held online. HSE Vice President and Conference Programme Committee Deputy Chair Lev Yakobson spoke with HSE News Service about his initial takeaways from the event and its new format.
The XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development is drawing to a close in Moscow. In an interview with the media partner of the event, NEWS.ru, HSE University Vice Rector Ivan Prostakov spoke about how the format of the conference was organized, how the pandemic impacted the event, and how scientists and experts from different countries regard Russia.
Cyber Performance, PROK Cinema, and Digital Art: The Development of Art and Art Research in the 21st Century
From April 21 to 23, 2021, a major online conference of the HSE Art and Design School and the Doctoral School of Art and Design was held on ‘Theories and Practices of Art and Design: Sociocultural, Economic and Political Contexts.’ Experts discussed educational practices in art, its contemporary state, the impact of technology, and prospects for the art industry’s future development.
To what extent do the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) benefit from an open economy? What financial, scientific, and educational policy tools will contribute to the implementation of the recently approved ‘Strategic Directions for the Development of Eurasian Economic integration until 2025’? These questions were discussed by participants in a series of expert discussions at the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development organised by HSE University and Sberbank.
In order to remain competitive in the labour market, university graduates must be proficient not only in professional knowledge and skills, but also in a set of universal competences (UC). However, higher education systems face problems in assessing such competences due to a lack of developed approaches and methodologies. A report released by the HSE Institute of Education, ‘An Assessment of Universal Competences as Higher Education Learning Outcomes’, analyses the ways in which these challenges have been addressed in both Russia and abroad.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become a fundamental component of many activities in economics and finance in recent years. On April 26,Panos Pardalos, Academic Supervisor at theLaboratory of Algorithms and Technologies for Networks Analysis (LATNA at HSE Nizhny Novgorod) and Distinguished Professor of Industrial and Systems Engineering at the University of Florida, will talk about its impact, future developments and limitations in his honorary lecture Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Economics and Finance.
What is affect and why is it important for humans? How can feelings be defined and what is their relation to emotions and consciousness? What might be used in making a soft robot? Professor Antonio Damasio (University of Southern California, USA) discussed these and other questions in his honorary lecture, entitled 'Feeling, Knowing, and Artificial Intelligence'.The talk was delivered on April 16 at the at the XXII April International Academic Conference held by HSE University jointly with Sberbank.
General wealth levels in Eastern Europe and Central Asia have been improving since 2012 — poverty has been decreasing. But due to COVID, global poverty levels, including those of these regions, may increase considerably for the first time in two decades. Samuel Freije-Rodriguez, Lead Economist at World Bank, talked about this at the XXII April Conference organized by HSE University and Sberbank.