Class and gender in Russian welfare policies: Soviet legacies and contemporary challenges
The book 'Class and gender in Russian welfare policies: Soviet legacies and contemporary challenges' by E.R. Iarskaia-Smirnova was published by the University of Gothenburg.
E.R. Iarskaia-Smirnova Class and gender in Russian welfare policies: Soviet legacies and contemporary challenges. Geteborg: University of Gothenburg, INEKO, 2011 — ISBN 978-91-86796-82-2 — ISSN 1401-5781
The goal of this thesis is to explore the gendered and classed nature of social work and social welfare in Russia to show how social policy can be a part of and reinforce marginalization. In particular, the thesis aims to analyse how class and gender are produced, redefined and experienced by different social actors in changing institutional and ideological frames of welfare policies and social work.
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS
INTRODUCTION: PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
Class, gender and welfare: a theoretical background
Class and gender in Soviet welfare policies
Care and order: welfare policy and the shaping of good Soviet citizens
Current Russian welfare policy
The professional ideology of social work and issues of exclusion
Study participants and data
Data collection methods
Methodological discussion and analysis
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
Study I: Visual case study in the history of Russian child welfare
Study II: ”What the future will bring I do not know...” Mothering children with disabilities in Russia and the politics of exclusion
Study III: “A salary is not important here…” professionalization of social work in contemporary Russia
Study IV: Gendering social work in Russia: towards anti-discriminatory practices
Study V: Doing class in social welfare discourses: ‘unfortunate families’ in Russia
CONTESTS AND CONTEXTS OF SOCIAL WORK
Symbolic roots of modern social work
Welfare, exclusion and agency as contextual issues of social work
Policy and institutional contexts
Knowledge production in social work
Actors and identity
Research Shows That Creative Workers Are Motivated by Money and Social Guarantees More Than Artistry
Creators are also part of the job sector. Their work is increasingly oriented around commercial activities and in the pursuit of economic goals. As such, the organization of artists’ professional work and the motivations behind it are by no means unique. Rather, they straddle the line between ‘aesthetic’ and ‘market’ concerns.
To get work in a highly competitive environment, freelancers adapt their own routines to the needs of their clients, so they have to work long hours not only during the day but also during non-standard hours, obeying the unwritten laws of online platforms.
This year marks the 35th anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster. The event recedes ever further into the past, but the legacy of the trauma it caused endures. That stress produced trauma, and the trauma became part of Russia’s collective memory. Sociologists Yulia Belova, Margarita Muravitskaya and Nadezhda Melnikova of HSE’s Institute for Applied Political Research and Laboratory for Studies in Economic Sociology researched what this means for people who lived in the radioactively contaminated zone around the reactor and why the collective memory of the accident might disappear.
Olga Vilkova, a PhD student of the HSE University's Faculty of Social Sciences, has proved that IT engineers face inequality and discrimination on the Russian online freelance market—websites offering jobs for self-employed people. The researcher analyzed the data on professional success of 54,000 IT engineers registered on the major Russian freelancing platform FL.ru. The research is published in the Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes Journal.
Well-educated women having three or more children often try to return to work after maternity leave but face penalties for motherhood and 'overqualification', as potential employers offer them lower paid, lower-ranking jobs and treat them as second-rate employees. Some mothers of many children choose to leave the labour market altogether. A paper by Zlata Dorofeeva, Research Fellow of the HSE Institute for Social Policy's Centre for Longitudinal Studies, offers an insight into the career struggles faced by mothers of many children in Russia.
Every year, HSE University carries out dozens of studies on women’s lifestyles, behaviours, and changes in family, social, and economic status in Russia. IQ.HSE editors have selected the most essential trends revealed by these studies about Russian women today.
Researchers Yulia Chilipenok, Olga Gaponova, Nadezhda Gaponova and Lyubov Danilova of HSE – Nizhny Novgorod looked at how the lockdown has impacted Russian women during the COVID-19 pandemic. They studied the following questions: how women divided their time; how they worked from home; how they got on with their partners and children; and how they dropped old habits and started new ones in relation to nutrition, health, beauty, and self-development.
In Russia, 43.1% of the adult population experiences loneliness. This share is comprised mostly of older people, but quite often young people as well. At each age, loneliness is experienced in its own way, and at certain times it becomes especially painful.
Workaholism or work addiction risk is a growing public health concern that can lead to many negative mental and physical health outcomes such as depression, anxiety or sleep disorder. Perception of work (job demands and job control) may become a major cause of employees’ work addiction. The international group of researchers including the HSE University scientist explored the link between work addiction risk and health-related outcomes using the framework of Job Demand Control Model. The results were published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.
Russian students are not particularly independent or self-disciplined. A recent study shows that this has been one of the problems with the transition to remote learning. Researchers presented their findings at the Sociology of Online Learning session of the international eSTARS conference held at the Higher School of Economics in partnership with the Coursera global platform. In an interview, Ulyana Zakharova — session moderator and research fellow at the HSE Centre of Sociology of Higher Education’s Institute of Education — told IQ how students develop their character, teachers stop being translators and remote learning tests everyone’s abilities.