The Russian Federation: A New Innovation Policy for Sustainable Growth / Global Innovation Index
A new dynamic of innovation is emerging around the world in spite of persistent innovation divides between countries and regions. Although innovation cannot cure the most immediate financial difficulties, it is a crucial element of sustainable growth.
To guide polices and to help overcome divides, metrics are required. The Global Innovation Index 2012: Stronger Innovation Linkages for Global Growth is primarily concerned with improving the ‘journey’ to better understanding innovation and with identifying targeted policies, good practices, and other levers to foster innovation.
This year the Global Innovation Index (GII) innovates in two ways:
- First, it includes an analysis of the underlying factors influencing year-on-year changes in country rankings.
- Second, the strengths and weaknesses of each economy are clearly identified in country profiles.
The GII project was launched by INSEAD in 2007 to determine how to find metrics and approaches that go beyond traditional measures of innovation. The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), a specialized agency of the United Nations, joined the exercise in 2011 as Knowledge Partner and in 2012 as a co-publisher. The GII draws on the support and expertise of its Knowledge Partners: Alcatel-Lucent, Booz & Company, and the Confederation of Indian Industry, as well as an Advisory Board of 11 eminent international experts.
Chapter 6 “The Russian Federation: A New Innovation Policy for Sustainable Growth” (Leonid Gokhberg, first vice-rector, director of HSE ISSEK, Vitaliy Roud, research fellow, Laboratory of Economics of Innovation, HSE ISSEK) presents an analysis of Russian innovation system accompanied by an overview of state science, technology and innovation (STI) policy practice.
The authors cover the most urgent institutional cleavages, including the split-offs of science and industry, issues of institutional model of the R&D sector, sectoral discrepancies and regional polarization.
An outline of STI policy framework evolution is presented, including the most recent Strategy for Socio-Economic Development of Russia till 2020 topics. A special regard is paid to linkage-stimulating policy instruments, including grants for joint research for Universities, R&D organisations and companies, technology platforms, regional innovation clusters program and elaboration of innovation development plans for state-owned companies.
Contemporary universities are becoming not only centres for education and research, but also hubs for entrepreneurship. Igor Agamirzian, HSE Vice President, Head of the Department for Management of Innovation, spoke about the development of the HSE’s innovation infrastructure, about attracting students to technological business projects, and about the master’s programme ‘Corporate Research, Development and Innovation Management’.
The Higher School of Economics has gone into partnership with Russian Venture Company to develop and promote TechUp2015 — a national rating for fast-developing tech companies.
Giorgio Sirilli, former chairman of the OECD Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI), is offering lectures to students in the Master’s programme in Governance of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI).
The HSE Annual Conference on Foresight and STI Policy: Cooperation, Coordination, and Challenges has come to a close. For two days (October 30-31) at the HSE premises at the foot of the Shukhov Radio Tower, signals were analysed that will sooner or later show up in contemporary socio-economic policy and in future news stories.
In the article the scientists compare accounts on the trajectory of innovation in Russia and the USA.
On July 18 and 19, 2013, an international workshop on ‘State Research Organizations: Interaction between Science and the Real Economy Sector’ takes place at the HSE. The event has been organized by the HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (ISSEK).
On May 20, 2013, as part of Innovation Media Day, a discussion panel ‘Technologies of the Future: A View from Innovation Leaders, Development Institutions, and Media’ took place. The panel was organized by the HSE, RIA Novosti, and Russian Venture Company.
Mikhail Komarov, lecturer at the Faculty of Business Informatics Department of Innovation and Business in Information Technologies, is one of the ‘100 young innovators’ at the ‘Open Innovations’ forum. Open Innovations is an open space for people who develop and implement innovative solutions all over the world. The event is focused on forecasting technology trends and defining the role of information technology in global processes.
On September 18th 2012, the HSE Institute for Educational Studies held the latest in its series of regular seminars. Martin Carnoy, Stanford University Professor and Academic Supervisor of the International Laboratory for Education Policy Analysis, spoke about ‘BRIC Triumph: Unprecedented Boom of Higher Education’.
On September 10th the first after-summer seminar ‘Actual Research and Developments in Education’, took place as organized by the HSE Institute for Educational Studies. Sir Michael Barber, member of the HSE International Advisory Committee, spoke on ‘Oceans of Innovation: the Atlantic, the Pacific, Global Leadership and the Future of Education’.