‘Foresight-Russia’, issue 2, 2013
A new issue of the "Foresight-Russia" journal is out of print. The issue contains two articles prepared by experts from Italia and the US respectively who share best practice of evaluating and enhancing innovation performance at regional level. A Microsoft representative considers ethical aspects of the widespread penetration of ICT. Therewith the journal presents a revised macroeconomic forecast for Russia and reviews key events held by ISSEK in the framework of the XIV HSE April International Academic Conference.
The recent global crisis has significantly changed basic prerequisites laid in the basis for the majority of pre-crisis forecasts and strategies, including those in Russia. That was one of the reasons for conducting a series of studies aimed at revising the Russian Long-Term S&T Foresight 2030, in particular, for the elaborating a new macroeconomic forecast, which is the concern of the paper that opens the issue — "Future of Russia: Macroeconomic Scenarios in the Global Context". Its authors, experts of the Centre for Macroeconomic Analysis and Short-Term Forecasting developed a set of possible scenarios of global development and their projections for Russia. Comparing their characteristics, the authors identify the most preferred scenario for our country and describe the prerequisites for its implementation — both objective and that of dependence from the stakeholders’ actions.
The next two articles have a common topic in effective regional innovation policy. Best practice is presented by experts from Italy and the US. The first, "The Concentration of Knowledge Activities in Italy: An Analysis at Local Level," assesses localization of knowledge activities (R&D, patents, publications), the relationship among the knowledge activities performed by key actors — business, public sector, higher education and private non-profit organisations — and it identifies sectoral R&D specialisation of Italian municipalities. The second, "Research Universities in the Framework of the Regional Innovation Ecosystem: The Case of Austin, Texas," describes a model of regional innovative development that casts the research university in the role of a driver of large-scale transformations aimed at strengthening the region’s competitive position worldwide. Based on the case of the University of Texas at Austin (USA), the authors show how universities shape a unique entrepreneurial environment that foster development of the regional innovation ecosystem by timely response to growing industry needs and by efficient interaction with industries, governments and societies. This article also characterises in detail the contribution of each of these to Austin's transformation from a "university town" to the dynamic "technopolis" that enables large opportunities for making a career in high-tech fields. It emphasizes the role of influential strategists, capable of making non-standard solutions and generating an environment for productive partnerships.
How does the increasing diffusion of intelligent systems influence key human values? This highly relevant topic is addressed by Kamill Akhmetov (Microsoft Corporation) in "Human-Computer Interaction: Trends, Research, Future". Considering prospects for the development of information and communication technologies (ICT), the experts generally indicate increasing computational capacities, growing speed of data transmission, and expansion of software performance. The author notes, that the social aspects of the widespread penetration of ICT do not always attract close attention, although there is some firm research; Microsoft, for example, does longstanding research in this area. The article presents some results obtained by experts from private research sector.
The issue concludes with the review of two events organised by ISSEK in the framework of the XIV HSE April International Academic Conference. The first of them — a workshop with the participation of foreign experts — was devoted to discussing centres of excellence (CoEs). In recent years, CoEs are actively developing in countries that have a science, technology and innovation policy, relying on the Foresight outputs, and that set a vector of global technological development. Workshop participants discussed theoretical issues, country practices, patterns of developing CoEs, and ways to adapt best international practice to the Russian context.
At the round table "Monitoring Economics of Science: Principal Results and Future Outlook," leading ISSEK scholars presented outputs of a large-scale study aimed at establishing the system of collecting, processing and analyzing data to characterize economic trends in diverse sectors of R&D performance in Russia – government, business enterprise and higher education. The research conducted within the framework of this project will be described in detail in future issues.
Prepared by Mikhail Salazkin
This May, HSE and the Science and Technology Policy Institute (STEPI, Republic of Korea) signed a cooperation agreement on science and advanced technology research. This agreement was signed by Leonid Gokhberg, HSE First Vice Rector, Director of the Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, and Dr. Hwang-Hee Cho, STEPI President.
The 18th issue of Higher Education in Russia and Beyond (HERB) journal is available online. HERB is a quarterly informational journal published by HSE University since 2014 in cooperation with Boston College Center of International Higher Education. The current issue explores the issue of academic inbreeding.
Following years of study and work in South America and Europe, Rafael Popper joined HSE Moscow as Professor of Foresight and STI Governance in January 2018. In addition to his job at HSE, he is Principal Scientist in Business, Innovation and Foresight at a world leading research and technology organization (RTO) called VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. With a PhD on 21st Century Foresight from the University of Manchester, Popper has built a career on wide-ranging research of issues in foresight and STI policy. In a recent interview with the HSE News Service, he spoke in depth about his research interests, philosophy on teaching, collaboration across HSE and his love of languages, among other topics.
Leonid Gokhberg, HSE First Vice Rector, Director of the Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, spoke on his first steps in academia, working with foreign researchers, on foresight research as well as shared his thoughts on HSE research development.
The recipients of the annual Web of Science Awards are the most influential scientists, scientific organizations and publications of the year. The Moscow Mathematical Journal has made it into the top quartile in the subject area of mathematics and was announced by jury members to be the most influential Russian scientific journal of 2017.
On November 7, HSE hosted a delegation from the Jülich Research Centre in Germany. Scholars from both countries came together to discuss joint research opportunities, including transformation of energy systems for sustainable development; future studies of energy technologies, including foresight studies; and methodological issues related to big data analysis and modelling.
In recent discussion on internationalisation, the role of international students as main drivers has been rightly reconsidered. The 12th issue of Higher Education and Beyond addresses the importance of international students for higher educational institutions and the change they bring.
The 11th issue of Higher Education in Russia and Beyond, a journal aimed at bringing current Russian, Central Asian and Eastern European educational trends to the attention of the global academic community, is now available. This issue’s main focus is ‘National Academic Journals: between Survival and Prosperity’.
The new academic journal is entitled ‘Urban Studies and Practices’. The first issue came out this September. Now a call for papers for special issue on Migrants and the City has been announced. The deadline for submissions is January 31, 2017.